(Last Updated on : 11/02/2015)
Hill Stations of Meghalaya
are the examples of scenic beauty and the perfect portrayal of landscape in the house of clouds. These hill stations in this North East State of India are tourists paradise. These hill stations are also serving as the adventure tourism site on Meghalaya. Some of the tourist attraction sites are Cherrapunji
, Jowai, Khashi Hills and Shillong.
Cherrapunji is currently used in the map of Meghalaya. In the previous era, Cherrapunji or Cherapunjee has the historical name "Sohra". Sohra is more commonly used. It is a sub-divisional town in the East Khasi Hills district
in Meghalaya. Cherrapunji is credited as being the wettest place on Earth, although nearby Mawsynram currently holds that record. Cherrapunji still holds the all-time record for the most rainfall in a calendar month and in a year. It received 9,300 mm (366 in) in July 1861 and 26,461 mm (1,041.75 in) between 1 August 1860 and 31 July 1861. Cherrapunji is the traditional capital of "Hima" (Khasi tribal chieftainship constituting a petty state) known as Sohra or Churra.
Jowai is the headquarters of West Jaintia Hills district of the state of Meghalaya. Jowai is home to the Pnar tribe. Jowai is a scenic place located on a plateau region surrounded on three sides by the Myntdu River bordering Bangladesh to the south (about 50 km from the Indo-Bangladesh border). Due to its high altitude of 1380 meters above sea level, Jowai, the hill station region in Meghalaya experiences the warm and pleasant summers with cool to chilly winters. Jowai is an important business and education zone of the entire district of West Jaintia catering to students from all over the district as well as the adjacent parts of Assam
and Bangladesh. Jowai is well equipped with facilities such as schools, colleges, hospitals and post office.
Shillong is the capital and hill station of Meghalaya. Shillong is one of the smallest cities in India. It is the headquarters of the East Khasi Hills of Meghalaya. Shillong is situated at an average altitude of 4,908 feet (1,496 m) above sea level, with the highest point being Shillong Peak at 6,449 feet (1,966 m). Shillong is the 330th most populous city in India. It had a population of 143,007 according to the 2011 census. It is said that the rolling hills around the town reminded the European settlers of Scotland. Hence, Shillong is known as "Scotland of the East". Shillong has made the civil station of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills in 1864 by the British Government in India. In the year 1874, on the formation of Assam as a Chief Commissioner's Province, it was chosen as the headquarters of the new administration because of its convenient location between the Brahmaputra River
and Surma valleys and more so because the climate of Shillong was much cooler than tropical India. Shillong remained the capital of undivided Assam until the creation of the new state of Meghalaya on 21st January 1972, when Shillong became the capital of Meghalaya and Assam moved its capital to Dispur