(Last Updated on : 29/01/2015)
Hill Stations of Jammu and Kashmir
are the prime tourist attractions in global tourism sector. Snow capped mountains, green pine and fir, foothills, glacial lake and small streams are the cynosure to the national and international level tourists. Some of the hill stations of Jammu and Kashmir are Bhadarwah, Patnitop, Aru, Gulmarg
, Yousmarg, Srinagar
Bhadarwah is a town and a notified area committee in Doda district
in Jammu and Kashmir. Bhadarwah valley is located in the foothills of the Himalayan mountains
, and at about 80 kilometres from Batote. This hill station is endowed with natural beauty which lends to its nickname, "Mini Kashmir". Apart from having picture-perfect scenic beauty due to beautiful forests, the town contains many small streams flowing through its various parts.
Patnitop is a hilly tourist location located in Udhampur district of Jammu and Kashmir on National Highway 1A, 112 km from Jammu on the way from Udhampur to Srinagar. Patnitop is situated on a plateau in the Shiwalik belt of the Himalayan Mountain Range. Patnitop sits at an altitude of 2,024 m (6,640 ft). Chenab River flows in close proximity to this location. The name "Patnitop" is a distortion of the original name of the place, "Patan Da Talab" meaning "Pond of the Princess". In olden times a pond existed in the meadows and a certain princess often used to bathe there. Some parts of the pond still exist near the local youth hostel. It may be the case that the British had difficulties recording the Indian name correctly in their revenue records. Hence, over the years the name has changed from "Patan Da Talab" to "Patnitop".
Aru is a tourist spot, located in Anantnag
District of Jammu and Kashmir. Aru is located around 12 km from Pahalgam, 11 km upstream from the Lidder River. Aru is noted for its scenic meadows, lakes and mountains, it is a base camp for trekking to the Kolhoi Glacier and Tarsar Lake. Aru lies on the left bank of the Aru River. It is a tributary of the Lidder River. Aru valley is noted for its scenic meadows. It is popular among the tourists for its peaceful environment and scenic beauty. Aru Village is a base camp for trekkers to the Kolahoi Glacier, the Tarsar-Marsar lakes and the Katrinag valley. It is also a base for the treks to Lidderwat, the Vishansar-Kishansar lakes and Kangan. Kolahoi is the largest glacier in the Kashmir Valley. It is located near Mt. Kolahoi (5425m), the highest peak in the Valley.
Gulmarg is known as the "Meadow of Flowers". Gulmarg is a hilly town, a hill station, a popular skiing destination and a notified area committee in Baramulla district
of Jammu and Kashmir. The town, Gulmarg is within the Himalayan Mountain Range and is within miles of the Line of Control between India and Pakistan. Gulmarg is located at about 52 km from Srinagar. It is located at 34.05 degree North and 74.38 degree East. It has an average elevation of 2,690 m (8,825 ft).
Pahalgam is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a popular tourist destination, and every year, many tourists visit Pahalgam. This world famous hill station is 45 km from the District Headquarters at Anantnag and located on the banks of Lidder River at an altitude of 7200 ft. from sea level. Pahalgam is one among the five tehsils of Anantnag district and tehsil headquarters are located in the main town of Pahalgam. Pahalgam was once a tourist attraction and a favourite place for shooting of Bollywood films, and is still a health resort.
Srinagar is the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. Srinagar lies in the Kashmir Valley, on the banks of the Jhelum River
, a tributary of the Indus. The city is famous for its gardens, lakes and houseboats. It is also known for the traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dried fruits.
Yusmarg or Yousmarg
Yusmarg or Yousmarg is a hill station in the western part of Kashmir Valley in Jammu and Kashmir. Yousmarg is situated 47 kilometres south of Srinagar the capital of the state. Yusmarg in Kashmiri means "The Meadow of Jesus". It is believed by the natives that Jesus came to Kashmir and stayed at Yusmarg for some time. Yusmarg is an alpine valley covered with snow clad mountains and the meadows of Pine and Fir. It lies 13 km south of Charari Sharief a town of Budgam District
of Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated at the bank of Doodganga River which is a tributary of Jehlum River. Yusmarg is a popular tourist destination, nestled within the imposing peaks of Pir Panjal Mountain Range, a sub range of Himalayan Mountain Range.
Sonamarg, known as "Meadow of Gold" is a hill station in Ganderbal
district of Jammu and Kashmir. Sonamarg gives rise to The Three Sisters (Kashmir). In its vicinity lies the great Himalayan glaciers of Kashmir Valley namely Kolhoi Glacier and Machoi Glacier with some peaks of above 5000 meters like Sirbal Peak, Kolhoi Peak, Amarnath Peak and Machoi Peak. Sonamarg an alpine valley is situated at the bank of Nallah Sindh, 87 km north-east from Srinagar, it is a popular tourist destination, nestled within the imposing Himalayan peaks. It lies at an altitude of 2800 metres above sea level. The drive to Sonamarg is through yet another spectacular facet of country side in Kashmir.
Leh was the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh
. Leh is located in Leh district in Jammu and Kashmir. Leh district
has an area of 45,110 square km. Leh is the second largest district in the country, after Kutch, Gujarat
. The town is dominated by the ruined Leh Palace, the former mansion of the royal family of Ladakh, built in the same style and about the same time as the Potala Palace-the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala
, during the 1959 Tibetan uprising. Leh is at an altitude of 3524 metres and connects via National Highway 1D to Srinagar in the southwest and to Manali in the south via the Leh-Manali Highway. In the year 2010, Leh was sorely damaged by the sudden floods caused by a cloud burst.