(Last Updated on : 24/04/2015)
Gugga deity is the folk deity of Rajasthan
and the Punjab
region. He is worshipped for protection against snake bite. It is said that he was born a Hindu but as per legend he descended into the earth
as a Muslim and thus his followers include people from all faiths. He is known as Gogaji in Rajasthan and Gugga Ji in Punjab, Haryana
and Himachal Pradesh
. His other names are Gugga Pir, Gugga Jaharpir, Gugga Chohan, Gugga Rana and Gugga Vir.
Birth of Gugga Deity
It is believed that Gugga was warrior-king who was born in Dadrewa in the Churu district
of present day Rajasthan. He was considered to be a saint
who had the power to cure the effects of poison. His father was King Jewar of Dadrewa. His mother Bachhal Devi was the daughter of Rajput
ruler, Kanwarpala who in 1173 AD ruled over Sirsa
in present day Haryana. As per this, Gugga Ji's maternal family hails from present day Haryana.
Kingdom of Gugga Deity
Gugga ji ruled over the territory stretching from Hansi
near Hissar in present day Haryana to the river Sutle
j in Punjab. His legacy in the Punjab state can be noticed in towns such as Bareta Mandi. This town is located at a distance of 51 km from Mansa
in Punjab and is predominantly inhabited by Chauhans
who trace their origin from Gugga. Some members of the Chauhans claim Gugga Ji to be their ancestor.
Worship of Gugga Deity
Gugga deity is worshipped in several states of northern India including Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and the north western districts of Uttar Pradesh
. Many villages of Punjab
have a shrine dedicated to Gugga. He is also worshipped in Gujarat
and Madhya Pradesh
. He is usually worshipped on the ninth day of Bhadon month. The holy place where he is venerated is known as marries. The shrines do not conform to any religion. They can range from antholes to structures that resemble a Gurdwara
or a Mosque
. The devotees offer noodles to Gugga ji and also leave them in places where snakes reside. In Punjab, traditionally the devotees offer sweet
Vermicelli and sweet fried bread.