(Last Updated on : 19/04/2011)
Indian crafts are highly acclaimed throughout the world for their aesthetic appeal and magnificence. The huge ethnical custom and cultural variety, has made possible for different types of crafts to accomplish. These are made up of different materials, themes and proficiencies.
Works on woodwork, Pottery, hand looms, terracotta, paintings, beadwork, jewelry and embroidery etc have survived through centuries with fewer changes. With the advent of modernity, the craft materials have underwent sea change over the years and also the proficiency of construction have not altered to a great extent.
Articles of daily use like chairs, bags, cushions, hats, purses, sofas etc are made; recycled materials like wire, plastic and tin are also part and parcel of crafts of India. Thus the crafts not only provide the day-to-day needs of the people and also utilized for decorative and religious ceremonies in India.
There are varieties of crafts available in India. These are as follows:
They are exquisite and delicate, providing new definitions to the Indian crafts and artifacts. There are several sub categories, which include Bubblegram, Glass blowing, Glass bead making, Stained glass, Mosaics and Pottery.
A bubblegram is a three dimensional image which is composed of points and remains suspended in a medium, usually a plastic block. Laser bubblegrams is in vogue. Crossing lasers in `appropriately-doped` plastic, which may cause a chemical reaction through heat or `photonic` inflammation, makes these images.
The art of sculpture is the poetic expression of stone craft. Sculptures of deities, decorative for house interiors, modeled on classical prototypes, continue to be made in nok and corner of India. In interior of India such sculptures and exquisite figures are carved in relief with details engraved in fine lines. These objects are handmade artistic work made using hammer and chisels.
As early as 800 B.C., i.e, at the time when the Yajur veda was composed, glass craft was very popular. It is evident from the archaeological findings at Basti in UP that glassware is about 2000 years old. The way glass is prepared transformed into various shapes is remarkable.
India is famous for its leather productsThe state of Uttar Pradesh is an important source for finished leather and leather products. The Tanneries in Kanpur are known all over the world for the finest quality leather tanned by them. Kanpur and Agra in U.P are the two renowned production centre for leather items.
The tradition of the paper craft in India is fairly old. The paper industry was located mainly in Patna, Delhi, Rajgir, Avadh, Ahemdabad, Gaya and Shahzadpur (near Allahabad). Since the paper is one of the easily perishable materials, the traditions of the paper craft have been left unrecorded.
Weaving and Dyeing Crafts