(Last Updated on : 12/12/2013)
are highly favourable in the national markets, essentially for their unique styles and attractive appearances, and are available for competitive prices. Rock paintings, tribal paintings
and mural paintings
' paintings and palm leaf paintings
of Odisha are immensely popular throughout the country for their artistic excellence. The eastern Indian state
of Odisha possesses an ancient tradition of paintings which can be traced back to the prehistoric ages. Various themes and ideas have motivated the creation of these magnificent paintings.
History of Paintings in Odisha
The different forms of paintings in Odisha is believed to have originated way back in the ancient ages, which date back to prehistoric periods which constitute the era around 300 BC to 100 AD. These beautiful paintings have been performed here in the numerous rock shelters
and 'mathas' belonging to this century. A majority of Odisha paintings are tribal
and have been painted as part of the indigenous cultural tradition of this portion of India.
Tribal Paintings of Odisha
Odisha's tribal paintings are in great demand and include the paintings drawn by the local tribes of Odisha like 'Santhals
', 'Kondhs' and 'Sauras
'. These tribals adorn their residences with motifs of rare geometrical patterns, birds
. The Saura tribes
paint sketches on their home walls to please spirits and demigods and their paintings depict their religious beliefs. Generally these paintings are based on dreams. The Sauras are said to draw 'ittals' on the walls especially during animal sacrifices. Combs or bicycles are often the subject matters of their artwork. Kondh tribes decorate their walls with geometrical designs and figurative art-forms. Presently, the paintings are painted on canvas or 'Tussar Silk
Rock Paintings of Odisha
One will notice exquisite rock paintings in lush forests of Western Odisha, particularly inside rock refuges of Ushakothi and Manikmada, Sundargarh District
, Yogimatha and Gudahandi, Kalahandi district
, Vikram Khol and Ulapgarh in Sambalpur District
are amongst the rock shelter which boast of famous rock paintings of Odisha. Paintings at Ravana Chhata Rock al Sitabinjhee
are of considerable repute. The scene of a king riding his elephant
, followed by soldiers and horse riders, and a female servant, which resembles Ajanta murals
, is praiseworthy. They have been painted with the aide of twig of palm trees
which have been converted into a brush. Rock paintings at Manikunda portray nature and figures. Ceilings and rear walls of the rock shelters are embellished with paintings which involve designs of sambhar
, cattle, flowers and geometrical motifs. The paintings are said to have been accomplished by tribals belonging to Western Odisha and Central India and utilize pigments manufactured from iron oxides as the colours.
Patachitra Paintings of Odisha
Patachitra paintings of Odisha are quite well-known and are done on handmade canvas and even on Tussar Silk
, by dexterous artisans. These creative works consist of wonderful murals painted on the walls of various regional temples of Odisha. A special garment coated with a layer of tamarind
glue and chalk is employed to create these patachitra paintings. Such paintings commenced ever since the walls of the Jagannath Temple
were painted, during the 12th century. Later they flourished thanks to the patronage of rulers of Bhoi Dynasty and Ganga
kings. However, the aim of patachitra painters was to promote the cult of Jagannath to innumerable devotees who pay a visit to Puri.
Palm Leaf Paintings of Odisha
Odisha's palm leaf paintings are noteworthy and are painted on dried palm leaves. The themes of palm leaf paintings are mainly mythological, and have been influenced by the Hindu
epics of Ramayana
as well as legendary tales which include Lord Jagannath
and Radhakrishna. Such unique paintings also served as significant non-verbal sources of communication.
Besides murals and rock paintings, the paintings of Odisha also involve several drawings on rock faces at Berhampur
, Ganjam District