(Last Updated on : 13/08/2013)
of East India consists of the tribal dances from Assam
and West Bengal
that is generic in nature transferring the cultural aficionados of the eastern region. Bihu, is one of the tribal dance of Assam that has notified itself later as the folk dance announcing the arrival of spring in the Assamese New Year. For Assamese cult, Bihu is a time for celebrating their cultural traditions and livelihood simultaneously. Assamese folk smudge the oncoming festival and enjoy this same with a lot of pomp and show. This is an extremely energetic, fast and an eye-catching dance performance with the rhythmic exuberance of Bihu
. Bihu is generic to celebration in agrarian Assam. This joyous dance is performed by both young men and women, characterized by brisk dance steps, flinging rapid hand movement, stylish footwork and a rhythmic swaying of the hips in order to represent youthful passion and reproductive urge and 'Joie-de-vivre'.
The Santhal tribes
perform the popular Santhali Dance
. This is a typical group dance performed on special occasions. A very popular folk dance of Jharkhand
, this dance form has attained popularity all across India and also has been featured in many reputed Bengali films like 'Agantuk' by Satyajit Ray
. Santhali Dance is primarily performed on special occasions, especially during spring festival, accompanied by a traditional song. This dance not only projects the culture or traditions of the local tribes but also showcases the strength of unity. Flutes, drums, pipes and cymbals are among the musical instruments used in course of the performance of Santhali Dance. Santhal Dance is very similar to the bamboo folk dance of Assam and Mizoram
. The male dancers wear Dhoti and turban, and decorate their bodies with branches of trees, leaves and flowers. Since the Santhals are believed to be close to nature, they use natural decors such as leaves, branches and flowers to do their make-up and design their clothes. The women dancers usually wear white or yellow sarees
with red borders and adorn their hair with wild flowers. The length of the saree is about three inches above the heel. The colourful costumes worn by the tribal people happen to be the main attraction of the Santhali dance in Jharkhand.
is among the Indian tribal dances. It is a dance form of the tribes in the eastern part of Andhra Pradesh, such as Araku Valley
near Vizag. The dance is also practised in the tribal regions of Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. The dance is performed during festivals, weddings and also at the time of the "hunting festival" in April when men and women dance for hours. Furthermore, various critics trace the origin of Dhimsa to the Koraput
area of Orissa
. The dance is simple and encompasses unique rhythm. Dhimsa Dance presents an enthralling sight as because of the earthy colours of the tribal wear. The costume of the dancer focuses on the movement of the dancers without much emphasis on expression or a literary text. The attire is colourful; shades of red, yellow and green are worn and are called girijans attire themselves. The movements of the dance form are quite expressive. The feet and the hands by the group dominate the dance. An elemental rhythm and animated, quick steps with manoeuvres are the distinctive features of the dance form.
Dhimsa Dance provides an impression to the onlookers of a collective performance that matters with each of them complementing the other and merging into a unifying whole. The dance is mainly performed by females and sometime male performers also join in. Duration of each dance remains approximately for 10 minutes. The dance is performed mostly by the farming folk of Andhra Pradesh. The Dhimas Dance of the Porja Caste was considered to be an exclusive Women's Dance. The dance form is dedicated to the welfare of the domestic life. The men and women of the Porja caste perform the Dhimsa Dance with great feeling. It is considered a must for newly-wed because on this day the women pray for a peaceful and happy married life. The dance is performed by women around in unison holding their hands together at wrists.
is a mask dance performed by the male dancers. It is prevalent in Mayurbhanj district
, Sareikela in Bihar
and Purulia district
in West Bengal
. The dance form was nurtured and developed under different royal patronage. Maharaja Krishana Chandra Bhanj Deo of Mayurbhanj was its greatest patron. Basically, Chhau is a festival dance, performed on the occasion of the sun festival observed according to the Bengali calendar towards the end of the month of Chaitra
. Nowadays, Chhau is not only performed on this sun festival but also during many other festivals at other times of the year. The Chhau dance is mythological, as it is mainly based on various episodes of the epics Ramayana
. Sometimes certain episodes of the Indian Puranas
are also used. The individual dance items of Chhau dance of Mayurbhanj
include solo, duet and group performances. Two Rasas are dominant in the performance- Vira and Rudra
, and in the end, forces of evil are punished and the righteous triumphs.