(Last Updated on : 28/11/2014)
Panthi dance is one of the important dance
forms of Chhattisgarh State of India
. This Indian folk dance
is basically a prominent ritual of the Satnami
community of Chhattisgarh. The dance is very expressive in its depiction and is performed to the accompaniment of melodious songs. The dance reflects the rich cultural heritage and traditional legacies of the indigenous tribal groups of the region. It bears religious overtones and epitomizes the unique dance styles of the state. The district of Durg
has great importance in the history of Chattisgarh as it is one of the main communities
from the ancient time. Panthi is mainly danced to depict the importance of Durg district to the people. Performed on Maghi Purnima - the birth anniversary of Guru Baba Ghasidas, the dance is evolving still to include a variety of steps and patterns.
Performance of Panthi Dance
It is mainly performed by the male dancers. The performers dance around a Jaitk-hamb set up for the occasion, to the songs eulogizing their spiritual head. The songs also reflect the Nirvana
philosophy, conveying the spirit of renunciation of their Guru and the teachings of saint poets like Kabir
, Guru Ramdas Ji
, Dadu, etc.
The performance of this dance requires great flexibility and stamina as it involves various challenging steps. The performance begins with slow body movements. The leader of the group sings a song while the rest follow the refrain. Dancers with bent torsos and swinging arms continue to dance till carried away by their devotion. As the rhythm quickens, they indulge in acrobatics and even form human pyramids. The dancers who participate in this dance are usually the people or member of Panthi Nritya Mandir.
Musical Instruments of Panthi Dance
The dancers mainly dance to the rhythm of traditional folk instruments
which comprise of Mridanga
and Jhaanj. Occasionally, the performers also dance to the loud beats of the drums
Costume of Panthi Dance
Panthi dancers dress themselves in colourful traditional attires. To accompany the attire they also wear minimal ornaments. The costumes represent vibrant and dynamic cultural life of the local inhabitants of Chhattisgarh Region.
Popularity of Panthi Dance
This Indian folk dance has captured the imagination of rest of the Indian states as well with its unique steps and rhythm. Every year, tourists flock to this state to have a glimpse of the dance during various occasions.