(Last Updated on : 26/09/2013)
Archaeological Park is located close to Qutub Minar
World Heritage site and occupies a total area measuring 200 acres. It comprises of more than 100 monuments
which boast of historical significance. The premises of Mehrauli Archaeological Park also possess the ruins of Lal Kot which was created by the Tomar Rajputs
in 1060 CE. Thus it is the oldest fort of Delhi
and is an important architectural relic of Lodhi Dynasty
, Khalji Dynasty, Tughluq Dynasty
, Mughal Empire, Delhi Sultanate
and the British Raj.
Architecture of Mehrauli Archaeological Park
Mehrauli Archeological Park also consists of the Tomb of Balban
, Tomb and Mosque of Maulana Jamali Kamali
or Jamali Kamboh which was constructed around 1526 to 1535 CE, Madhi Masjid
and a stepwell, Gandhak Ki Baoli, Quli Khan's Tomb and Rajon Ki Baoli. Other interesting monuments which are situated near this park include the Tomb of Adham Khan
, Jahaz Mahal
, Hauz-I-Shamsi and Zafar Mahal of Bahadur Shah II
or Lal Mahal
Tomb of Balban in Mehrauli Archaeological Park
The Tomb of Ghiyas-ud din Balban
is based in the region of Mehrauli in New Delhi. It was constructed in ca 1287 CE and it reflects Indo-Islamic architecture
. This tomb is said to have been discovered in the middle of 20th century. Rubble masonry was utilized in creating this monument.
Jamali Kamali Mosque and Tomb in Mehrauli Archaeological Park
possesses two monuments adjoining each other and is located in the premises of Mehrauli Archaeological Park in Delhi. One of the buildings is the tomb of two people who were Kamali and Jamali, while the second building is a mosque. Historical records claim that the tomb and the mosque
were constructed in during the period of 1528 to 1529.
Rajon Ki Bauli in Mehrauli Archaeological Park
Rajon Ki Baoli or 'Rajon ki Bain' is a stepwell which is located near Adham Khan's Tomb in Mehrauli Archaeological Park. It is asserted that this renowned stepwell was built by Daulat Khan during the rule of Sikandar Lodi
in the year 1516. Since the building was being utilized by masons for a considerable amount of time, it came to be known as Rajon Ki Baoli. This place is greatly favoured by the tourists.
Quli Khan's Tomb in Mehrauli Archaeological Park
Also known as 'Dilkhusha', the tomb of Mohammed Quli Khan, who was the brother of Adham Khan is a significant historical monument which is situated inside the grounds of Mehrauli Archaeological Park. Adam Khan was the Mughal emperor Akbar
's foster brother and general. Metcalfe is said to have purchased this tomb in 17th century and imparted a new appearance which was inspired by that of European houses, complete with gardens and trees.
Conservation of Mehrauli Archaeological Park
The conservation work of this park commenced in the year 1997 and was the joint efforts of the State Department of Archaeology, between Delhi Tourism and Transportation Development Corporation (DTTDC), Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) and Delhi Development Authority (DDA). Since the year 2000, heritage walks have been held by these organizations. INTACH has been capable of restoring about 40 historical monuments which are existent in this park and has fixed heritage trails, signage and sandstone trail-markers.