(Last Updated on : 06/05/2013)
Dwijen Mukhopadhyay is a versatile singer and music director of India, who has been functioning in the field of music for the last six decades. An accomplished performer of Rabindrasangeet, the golden era songs, and Bengali plus Hindi film songs, his voice at once is pregnant with the fragrance of Bengal. He has recorded more than 1500 songs, of which about 800 are songs of Rabindranath Tagore
. He has also directed music in Bengali feature films and composed music for popular Bengali basic songs.
Early days of Dwijen Mukhopadhyay
The year 1944, saw Dwijen Mukhopadhyay making his debut as a professional singer. In 1945, he made his first recording of basic Bengali songs from Megaphone Record Company. The year 1946 was very eventful to him as in that year he not only started to act as an artist of All India Radio
(AIR) but also started recording with HMV-Colombia Recording Company. In the year 1956, he entertained the soldiers of the Indian Army with his songs at Ladakh. Dwijen Mukhopadhyay received his training in music from eminent singers of Bengal including Shri Sushanto Lahiri, Pankaj Mullick
, Santidev Ghosh, Santosh Sengupta, Anadi Ghosh Dastidar and Niharbindu Sen.
Career of Dwijen Mukhopadhyay
Dwijen Mukherjee hogged the limelight due his very "Hemanta-Like" voice. Excellence he had obviously however and quickly earned the accomplishment of being a "rabindrasangeet" singer. His camaraderie with Salil started in the late '40s through their common association with IPTA
Hemanta was also in the IPTA at that time. His next big break came when he recorded the path breaking songs "shyamal boroni ogo kanya" and "klaanti naame go" for Salil. As a composition "shyamal boroni" was a masterpiece and "klaanti naame go" was unique. This album helped Dwijen tremendously. Its phenomenal success followed with other very successful Salil compositions such as "akdin phire jaabo chole", "pallabini go sancharini" etc.
One of his rare and beautiful records must be Salil's brilliant composition of Michael Madhusudan Dutt
's two poems - "rekhomaa daasere mone" and "aashaar chhalane bhooli". He became a close friend of Salil and Salil later invited him to Bombay
to sing in a few Hindi films notably Madhumati, Maya, Honeymoon, Jawahar,and Sapan Suhaane. For some strange reason Salil re-recorded some of Dwijen's old songs like "shyamal boroni ogo kanya" in the early '80s with disastrous results.
Dwijen Mukhopadhyay was introduced to the folk music of Bengal, and Hindi film music, by the eminent film-music composer Salil Chowdhury. The friendship between Dwijen Mukhopadhyay and Salil Chowdhury
started in the late '40s through their common association with IPTA. The duo gave the Bengali audience a number of masterpieces like "Shyamal Barani Ogo Konya", "Klanti Name Go", "Ekdin Phire Jabo Chole", "Pallabini Go Sancharini" and many others. They worked on two poems of Michael Madhusudan Dutt("Rekho Maa Dashere Mone", Ashar Cholone Bhuli") and came up with rare and beautiful tracks. Later, Dwijen Mukhopadhyay went to Mumbai to work with Salil Chowdhury and recorded duet songs with Lata Mangeshkar
for Hindi films like 'Honeymoon' (1960), 'Maayaa' (1961), 'Sapan Suhaane' (1961) and solo playback in 'Madhumati'.
Dwijen Mukhopadhyay is today the foremost exponent of Rabindrasangeet. Gifted with a resonant voice, he has applied himself interpreting Tagaore's songs with single-minded devotion, drawing listeners to this music within and outside Bengal. He has performed Rabindrasangeet in noted Bengali films like 'Kshudita Pashan' (1960) - a novel of Rabindranath Tagore and 'Sandhya Raag' (1977) under distinguished Music Directors Ustad Ali Akbar Khan
and Pandit Ravi Shankar
, respectively. His Rabindrasangeet in 'Kancher Swarga' (1963), 'Bon Palashir Padabali' (1973), and 'Wheel Chair' (1994) are landmarks.
Dwijen Mukhopadhyay has also performed the famous devotional song 'Jaago Durga' as a part of the musical play 'Mahisasura Mardini' (The Annihilation of the Demon), which is a hugely popular radio programme broadcast by All India Radio (AIR), Kolkata
, every year on the auspicious day of 'Mahalaya' marking the beginning of the famous autumn festival of 'Durga Puja
' and may be labelled as a signature tune of the entire Bengali speaking community in the world, with a phenomenal popularity for the last 60 years.
Dwijen Mukhopadhyay had the privilege to sing before eminent dignitaries like Marshal Josip Broz Tito (President of Yugoslavia), Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
(President of India), Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
(Prime Minister of India), Indira Gandhi
(Prime Minister of India
) amongst others. As a member of 'Indian Cultural Delegation', he toured Soviet Union and East European countries like Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Yugoslavia. He also got invited and performed in USA, UK, France, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, Singapore and Bangladesh.