(Last Updated on : 05/11/2012)
is one of the oldest Upanishads that is related to the Sama Veda
. It is the part of Chandogya Brahaman that has been written on the Vedic Brahmana period. It is regarded as one of the primary Upanishads
. The 22nd Khanda of Second Chapter of Chandogya Upanishad states about the various notes used in the chanting of the Saman. An Udgatri priest imagines that he wishes for the profound sounding note of the Sama hymn that belongs to Agni and is also better for the cattle. The hymns of the aniructa tone belong to Prajapati
, the niructa tone to Soma i.e. the moon, the gentle sweet to Vayu i.e. air, the smooth high pitched note to Lord Indra
, the tone that resembles the voice of the crane to Brishaspati and Varuna. A man must practise these tones or notes. It states that a man must sing praying for the immortality of the deities. The priest must chant the mantras without making mistakes while pronouncing them. The vowels in the mantras are part of the Lord Indra's body, all the sibilants belong to Prajapati and finally all the consonants belong to Mrityu i.e. death. It has been mentioned that all the vowels must be uttered with resonance and power. He must perform it to convey strength to Indra. He must dedicate himself to Prajapati. The consonants must be uttered slowly and should not be confused with others.
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