(Last Updated on : 13/04/2016)
Safdarjung's Tomb located in Delhi
is a garden tomb. It was built in 1754 in the late Mughal Dynasty
style. The Tomb is one such monument that recollects the esteemed memory of Mirza Mukin Mansur Khan, popularly known as 'Safdarjung'. The tomb is adorned with a marble mausoleum. The beautiful has been described as "the last flicker in the lamp of Mughal architecture
." The building has been built in 1753-54.
Safdarjung's Tomb was designed and planned by an Abyssinian architect. It was constructed under the patronage of one of the Nawabs of Awadh
, Shuja-ud-Daulah. The upper most storey of the edifice has the Archaeological Survey of India
. The tomb marks the Safdarjang's Tomb in Delhi marks the decline of the imposing Mughal architectural designs in the city of Delhi. The tomb has been erected amidst an attractive green and luxuriant lawn. The structure has been built up of buff coloured sandstones. The garden that houses the tomb has been fabricated in the typical Mughal fashion that is now known as the Mughal gardens style. This style has been adopted from the Persian gardens style.
Architecture of Safdarjung's Tomb
Safdarjung's Tomb can be entered through an ornate gate. Its facade is decorated with elaborate plaster carvings that further add to its charm and beauty. The architecture of Safdarjang's Tomb has four two storied minarets that have been built intricately. There is a bulging dome that has been built of pure white marble. There are four water canals that lead to four different buildings. One of these buildings has a beautifully decorated gateway while the other three are pavilions. These are Badshah Pasand (King's Favourite), Moti Mahal (Palace of Pearls) and Jangli Mahal (Palace in the woods). There are living quarters built into the walls. The corners of the tomb have octagonal towers. On each side of the tomb there is a canal. There canals are four oblong tanks. It is said that the arches as well as the domes that adorn the beauty of the grand Safdarjang's Tomb were brought to India from Persia and Turkey. Tourists can also see the Arabic inscription on the main gateway that leads to Safdarjang's Tomb. The complex also houses a madrasa, i.e. a place where persons who wish to study the Quran
and other religious practices of the Muslims could do so by learning from Muslim scholars.
Besides the tomb, there are several other structures like the ladies' quarters, a market place and a guest house. These buildings suggest that this area was earlier inhabited by quite a large population. The mausoleum got its name from the Safdarjung Airport, Safdarjung Road, Safdarjung Terminal, Safdarjung Hospital, and several other localities like Safdarjung Enclave and Safdarjung Development Area. The tomb is very close to the well known All India Institute of Medical Sciences