(Last Updated on : 06/08/2012)
Rammanohar Lohia, a socialist political leader as well as a noted freedom fighter of India was born in the village of Akbarpur, Uttar Pradesh
on 23rd March, 1910. He was born to Hira Lal, a patriot and a teacher and Chanda. He did his intermediate from Benaras Hindu University
. He did his Bachelor of Arts
from University of Calcutta
in 1929. Lohia then flew to Germany whereby he joined Berlin University and learnt German.
Rammanohar was highly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi
's ideas which instigated the feeling of Swaraj (freedom) into him. 'Salt Satyagraha' and the subsequent Dandi March
was his subject in the PhD thesis paper. Though he had a good affinity with Jawaharlal Nehru
but dissented with him on many political issues.
His first contribution as a nationalist leader was organizing a 'hartal' on Bal Gangadhar Tilak
's death. In 1928, he joined protests against the Simon Commission. He was a socialist leader of a fearless and dynamic personality. Both before independence and in free India he went to prison several times for the sake of the people. A man of rare scholarship and independent thought he toiled to create a society which would ensure justice to the poor, the backward and women.
Achievements of Rammanohar Lohia:
* In Europe he organized 'Association of European Indians'.
* Joined Indian National Congress
and established Congress Socialist Party, 1934.
* He was elected the Secretary of All India Congress Committee (1936).
* He was arrested on 7th June, 1940 and sentenced to two years imprisonment for writing an article 'Satyagraha Now' in Gandhiji's newspaper Harijan.
* He published and circulated posters and pamphlets on 'Do or Die' during the 'Quit India Movement
', 1942. He along with Aruna Asaf Ali edited a Congress Party monthly newspaper called 'Inquilab'.
* Lohia took the leadership of building a dam on river Paniyari called "Lohia Sagar Dam".
* Founded "Hind Kisan Panchayat" to provide solution to the farmers.
* Set up World Development Council and World Government to retain peace.
In September 1967, he underwent an operation, but never recovered from it. On the 12th of October 1967 Lohia breathed his last. The Dr. Rammanohar Lohia College of Law, Bengaluru is named after him.