(Last Updated on : 11/06/2012)
Sports` climbing in India is a style of rock climbing that also relies on permanent anchors fixed to the rock, especially bolts for protection. It contrasts with conventional climbing, in which, the rock is typically devoid of fixed anchor and climbers must place removable protection as they climb. Since, the need to place protection is virtually eliminated; sport climbing places an emphasis on gymnastic ability, strength and endurance - as opposed to adventure, risk and self-sufficiency.
A route suitable for sport climbing has pre-placed bolts following a line up a rock face. Sport climbs are typically between 20 and 120 feet in length, and have eight to twelve bolts (some routes may have as few as three bolts, while other routes may have twenty-five or more). Sport climbing can be undertaken with relatively little equipment. Equipment used in sport climbing includes:
* A dynamic rope
* Quick draws
* A belay device
* Climbing harnesses for climber
* A few runners
* A helmet is recommended
* Climbing Shoes and chalk bag are normally used, although not technically necessary.
To actually lead a sport climb is to ascend a route with a rope tied to climber`s harness and with the loose end of the rope handled by a belayer. As each and every bolt is reached along the route the climber attaches a quick draw to the bolt and then also clips the rope through hanging end of quick draw. This particular bolt is now also protecting the climber in the event of a fall. At the top of sport routes, there is typically a two-bolt anchor that can be used to return the climber to the ground or previous rappel point. As the sport routes do not require placing protection, the climber can concentrate on the difficulty of the moves rather than placing protection or the consequences of a fall.
Sport climbing differs from traditional climbing with respect to the type and placement of protection. Traditional climbing uses mostly removable protection (such as cams or nuts), and tends to minimize the usage of pre-placed protection. Sport climbing typically involves single pitch routes, whereas traditional climbing can include single-pitch routes as well as longer, multi-pitch ascents. Rock types that produce good sport climbs include limestone, granite and quartzite, though sport climbs can be found on almost all rock types