(Last Updated on : 24/05/2012)
Punjab folk music has an array of conventional musical instruments to its name that are used in folk music and also in folk dances like in case of Giddha
etc. Some of the instruments that are used are rare to find and as a result it is not used frequently as well. Here are some best known traditional instruments of the Punjab region used in various cultural activities
: Algoze is a pair of two Punjabi woodwind instruments adopted by Sindhi folk musicians, also called Jorhi, Do Nally, Satara or Ngoze. It resembles a pair of wooden flutes. The musician plays it by using three fingers on each side. Sound is generated by breathing into it rapidly; the quick recapturing of breath on each beat creates a bouncing, swing rhythm.
: Bughchu, also spelled as Bugchu, Bugdu or Bughdu, is a traditional musical instrument native to Punjab
region. Is used in various cultural activities like folk music and folk dances like Bhangra, Malwai Giddha etc.
: Chimta literally means tongs. Over time it has evolved into a traditional percussion instrument of South Asia by the permanent addition of small brass jingles. This instrument is often used in popular Punjabi folk songs, Bhangra music and the Sikh religious music known as Gurbani Kirtan.
: The esraj
is a string instrument found in two forms throughout the north, central, and east regions of India. It is a young instrument by Indian terms, being only about 200 years old. The dilruba is found in the north, where it is used in religious music and light classical songs in the urban areas. Its name is translated as "robber of the heart."
: Dhadd also spelled as Dhad or Dhadh is an hourglass-shaped traditional musical instrument native to Punjab that is mainly used by the Dhadi singers. It is also used by other folk singers of the region
can refer to any one of a number of similar types of double-headed drum widely used, with regional variations, throughout the Indian subcontinent. Its range of distribution in India and Pakistan primarily includes northern areas such as the Assam Valley, Gujarat
, Konkan and Goa
and Uttar Pradesh
Some of the other folk instruments of Punjab that are popular can be named as; Gagar, Gharha, Iktara
, Kato, Khartal, Sapp, Sarangi