Anglo-Sikh Wars - Informative & researched article on Anglo-Sikh Wars
  Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articles History of India


in  
Art & Culture | Entertainment | Health | Reference | Sports | Society | Travel
Forum  | RSS Feeds  | Free E-magazine
History of India : Sources of History of India l Ancient History of India l Medieval History of India l Modern History Of India l Indian Historical Dynasties l Indian Battles l Indian Rulers l History of India l Indian Freedom Struggle l Indian Governor- Generals l British Indian Acts l Post Independence India
Home > Reference > History of India > Modern History Of India > British Empire in India > Anglo-Sikh Wars
Anglo-Sikh Wars
Anglo-Sikh Wars was a unique military experience for the British rulers in the Indian subcontinent.

Anglo-Sikh Wars was a unique military experience for the British rulers in the Indian subcontinent. The British rulers had already become accustomed to take into account certain factors such as terrain or climate rather than the military skill of their opponents. The regular troops of the Sikh kingdom of Lahore were fully trained and armed along the European lines. They were also to present the British with a determined and resourceful enemy. The cause of the outbreak of the Anglo-Sikh Wars has been attributed to the Sikh army making their way across River Sutlej on 12th September 1845.

The causes of the Anglo-Sikh Wars can be summed up as:
  • After the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the anarchy in the kingdom of Lahore resulted in a powerful struggle for domination between the Lahore court and the ever-powerful vocal army.


  • Suspicions arising in the Sikh army due to the recent British military campaigns which also included the annexation of Gwalior and Sind in the year 1841 and also the campaign of Afghanistan.


  • The increase in the number of British troops that were posted near the border with the Lahore kingdom.


  • There have been two Anglo-Singh Wars:

    First Anglo-Singh War
    First Anglo-Singh WarThe first Anglo-Sikh war was fought between the Sikh kingdom and the British East India Company between the years 1845-1846. The causes of this war resulted from Ranjit Singh`s policy of wary friendship with the British and at the same time building up his forces to deter aggression both by the British and the Afghans. After the death of Ranjit Singh, the mutual demands and accusations between the Sikh Darbar and the East India Company, followed as a result of which diplomatic relations were broken.

    Second First Anglo-Singh War
    The second Anglo-Sikh war, which was fought in the years between 1848-49, resulted in the abrogation of the Sikh Kingdom as the consequence of the British expansionism. It was virtually a campaign by the victors of the first war to overcome the resistance who chafed at the defeat in the earlier war. The main cause of this war was the exile of Lal Singh on charges of conspiracy of the British resident. Following that the revolt of Multan also assumed the form of a national movement and that led to the beginning of the second Anglo Sikh war. After this war the Sikhs also accepted British control and remained loyal to their new rulers during the general Indian rebellion of 1857-58.

    Second Anglo-Singh WarThe other factor that was important in the Anglo-Sikh Wars. The British had allowed a number of Indian rulers to remain in power provided they backed the British. Many of the bigger rulers especially that of Mysore, Hyderabad and Maratha have spared no expense to rearm like the British and the Mutiny displayed the danger of this policy. The final factor was the discontent among the `warrior` caste of the Indian society. There were also several ambitious Indian who could not rise far enough to suit them and this was a major factor in the mutiny. The short term consequences of the Anglo-Sikh Wars was that the British worked hard to integrate India, limit the powers of the princes and keep a stronger army in India.

      More Articles in British Empire in India
     
    Viceroys of India British East India Company British Military Monuments in India
    Conspiracy Cases during British India Missionary Activities of British in India History of British Architecture in India
    British Domestic Architecture South India during British Rule Developments During British Regime
    Judicial conditions during 17th-18th century Art And Architecture during British Rule Anglo-Sikh Wars
    Advent of English Education in British India Presidencies in British India Gwalior Residency
    Administration of British Empire Faraizi Movement British Conquest and Dominion of India
    Impact of British Rule in India Socio-economic condition of Eighteenth Century India Formation of Kishan Sabhas
    Lord Birkenhead Grain Riots In The Nagpur District Provincial Autonomy
    History of Textile Industry in British India Revenue Policy in South India under British  
    (Last Updated on : 6/04/2009)
    Recently Updated Articles in History of India
  • Ashokan Dhamma
    Ashokan Dhamma was the most discussed religious policy ever adopted by King Ashoka. Ashokan Dhamma disseminated teachings and knowledge of the Buddhist scriptures.
  •  
  • Battle of Plassey
    Battle of Plassey was fought between Siraj Ud Daulah and Lord Clive that marked the establishment of British East India Company.
  •  
  • Viceroys of India
    Viceroys of India played a vital part in influencing the future of India and the Indian people. Several Viceroys have taken the office until Indian independence.
  •  
  • Third Battle of Panipat
    Third Battle of Panipat took place between the Afghans and the Marathas in which Marathas were defeated.
  •  
    E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
    Forum
    Forum on History of India

    Free E-magazine
    Subscribe to Free
    E-Magazine on Indian Crafts
     
     
    Anglo-Sikh Wars - Informative & researched article on Anglo-Sikh Wars
    Sitemap
    Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
    Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of Jupiter Infomedia Pvt. Ltd.