(Last Updated on : 15/06/2017)
Pole Vault is a popular field event
and track event
in India, where the participant uses long and flexible pole (today it is generally made of carbon fibre or fibreglass) as a help to leap over a bar. Now it is popular game in Indian athletics
History of Pole Vault
History of Pole Vault defines its advent from Netherlands. In the previous era, the poles were helpful in passing over natural obstacles in marshy provinces like Netherlands, Huntingdonshire, Lincolnshire and Cambridgeshire. From the early human civilization, the draining system of these marshes created a network of canals or open drains intersecting each other to pass the water. To cross these, pole were used to jump over, which was kept at houses.
Modern Pole Vault
Modern Pole Vault has the complete form in the international games and sports. In the modern day, an athlete
competes in pole vault as a type of jumping
in track event and field event. As pole vault and high jump
are both a part of jumping event the rules of the competition are more or less similar. Before the start of the competition, athlete can choose the height that they want to enter the competition with. The athletes have three attempts to clear the height. An athlete needs to proceed to the next level once he clears the height, where he will get three more attempts. But if the vaulter faces three consecutive misses then he is out of the competition. To play, one needs to follow and study the techniques
of pole vault.
Choosing the Pass Heights
Before the beginning of the game, athlete can choose the pass height. If he or she failed in the first attempt, then he or she can pass to the next height. Only two attempts are provided. They need to achieve the three consecutive misses. If they earn the two misses, they can put to the next level.
Clearing the Highest Height
The athlete after clearing the highest height is noted as the "winner". If the two competent have the same height then a tie breaker is held to find a winner. If the vaulters, who are in tie breakers, have the same number of misses, then the tie is broken by the total number of misses in the competition.
A Jump off is required to break a tie. It is a kind of long jump
. The marks achieved in this type of jump-off are considered valid. If in other places, the tie still exists, a jump off is conducted normally, until and unless of course the competition is a qualifying meet, and the tie exists in the final qualifying spot.
Administrative Jump Off
Administrative Jump off is needed in order to break the tie. But, here, the marks are not measured valid for any other purpose than breaking the tie. A jump off is known as a sudden death opposition, in which the tied vaulters attempt the same height, starting with the last attempted height. The bar goes down by a small rise, if it is missed. If both levels are cleared, then the bar goes up by a small increment. Each vaulter will get only one attempt at each height until one makes and one misses.
Foul Attempt is happened when the pole is dislodged from the bar (uprights). A foul attempt is also ruled, even if the athlete themselves has cleared the height. An athlete does not get benefit from quickly leaving the landing pad before the bar has fallen.
Exception of the Foul Attempt
The exception of foul attempt is if the vaulter is vaulting outdoors and has made a clear effort to throw the pole back, but the wind has blown the pole into the bar; this counts as a clearance. This call is given by the fair judgment of pole vault officials. If the pole breaks during the jump of an athlete, it is considered an "Equipment Failure". Then this "Equipment Failure" is ruled as "Non-jump".
Indian Pole Vaulters
Pole Vault is not a popular game in India. But by the successive attempts of some of the Indian pole vaulters who set the records, this game is gaining popularity. V. S. Surekha
holds the current national record of 4.15 m set at National Open Championships held at New Delhi
in 2014. Karamjit Kaur of Punjab
cleared a height of 3.15m on the concluding day of the Federation Cup Senior Athletic Meet. It is popular athletic meet in India
. Dhirendra Kumar of Gujarat
met the record in the Boys Pole Vault category on 13th National Youth (Under 18) Athletics championship.