(Last Updated on : 04/04/2017)
Equipments of Carrom in India contain mainly eight items, which assists in the play.
Carrom in India
is a very popular sport. Previously it used to be regarded as an indoor game only, but now it is played at various competitive levels in India and around the world.
Carrom in India is played on a square board made of lacquered plywood in India, with dimension of 29 inches or 74 cm. the bottom surface of the playing board is covered by net which is 10 cm long or more and the edges are bounded bumpers of wood. In the game of carrom the players use disks and not balls. The main objective is to use the striker and with a flick of finger make contact with the lighter object known as carrom men, which are thus propelled into one of four corner pockets.
Standard equipments used to play carrom are as follows:
Stand or Table
Stool or Chair
Playing surface of the Carrom Board (CB) should be of plywood or made out of birch wood or any other good wood with thickness not less than 8 mm. The size of the board is 73.66 cm (29 in) square. A Carrom Board shall be able to have at least three and a half runs of a normally smooth striker made of ivory when struck with the maximum possible force from one of the base lines to the opposite frame of the Carrom Board.
Adjoining the playing surface, there shall be wooden frame with good resistance with height not less than 1.90 cm and not more than 2.54 cm with inside curved corners. The breadth should be 6.35 cm and by no way more than 7.60 cm. the board should have pockets at the four corners which shall be round inwardly and be of 4.45 cm diameters, with nets underneath.
The red disk is called the queen. The queen is the most powerful carrom piece. During board setup, it is placed at the centre of the circle. In accordance with the Inetrnational Carrom Federation rules, pocketing the queen adds 3 points to the player's total score. The dimensions of the queen must be the same as those of other carrom men.
Carrom game is played on the board using even, small disks of wood or sometimes plastic, called carrom men (also carrom men, carrom men). It is often abbreviated as c/m, and colloquially known as coin, puck, goti or seed. Carrom men have a level position on the surface of the carrom board when hit by a striker of standard specification.
These carrom men are of three different colours. Two colours are used to specify individual team or opponents. These colours are black and white. Red is a special colour that designates the queen.
ICF approved pieces must have a diameter of no more than 3.18 cm and no less than 3.02 cm. The pieces must be at least 7 mm and at most 9 mm thick. The pieces have a plain, rounded edge. The mass of the pieces is within 5 g and 5.5 g.
This is an important equipment needed for playing carrom and should be round and smooth and not more than 4.13 cm and should not weigh more than 15.00 gm. A Striker is made of special plastic. It is not made of ivory, as was the norm during the initial days when the game first came into being. Striker made of metal and visible to the eye, shall not be allowed as well, but decent designs engraved on it is permissible. It is heavier and larger than carrom men. According to ICF rules, "the striker is smooth and round, with a diameter that does not exceed 4.13 cm."
Stand and Table
Stand and table on which carrom board are placed should not be less than 63.00 cm and not more than 70.00 cm. The board when placed on it should not be shaky and uneven. However, in many cases, padding is also used below the carrom board to make it level and firm as far as possible.
Stool or Chair
Chair or stool on which a player sits for playing should not be less than 40.00 cm and also not more than 50.00 cm in height. In case chairs are used they should be armless.
Powder is used in a carrom board to keep the playing surface dry and smooth. But the powder should not be wet. Containers and pouches filled with powder should be spread evenly across the board surface.
The nets are used to cover the pockets from beneath and it is fixed at the bottom of the Carrom Board. Each net should have the capacity of holding at least 10 C/m
Bulb, preferably transparent white between 60 and 100 watts, should placed be at a convenient height above the centre position. Two, three or four people can play.