(Last Updated on : 03/06/2013)
Types of Pitta dosha
are formed from the element of water. The five types of Pitta dosha are: pachaka, ranjaka, sadhaka, alochaka and bhrajaka. Pachaka is considered in Ayurveda
as the first fire of the body. It exists in the small intestine, duodenum, gall bladder, liver, and pancreas and supports the remaining four fires.
Pachaka's main action is to dissolve and digest the food we eat. Pachaka also regulates body temperature. After digestion pachaka separates the food's nutritive elements from its waste elements. If an imbalance is created here it causes indigestion and nausea.
Ranjaka is the second fire of Pitta
that controls the formation and preservation of blood. It is located in the liver, spleen, and stomach. It also provides the blood with its color and oxygen. If ranjaka is damaged then bile compounds may appear in the blood it may cause diseases like anaemia and jaundice.
Sadhaka is the finest of the fires and is a requisite to the activity of Pitta. It rules along with prana in the heart. Along with udana, it governs memory and the retention and wellness of all mental functioning. If sadhaka is impaired psychic disturbances, mental disorientation, extreme emotional states, and craving for extreme foods, drugs, and so on.
Alochaka is the fourth fire of Pitta that exists in the eyes. It gives the eyes their shine as well as diffuses light and its spectrum of colors throughout the body. When the fourth fire is vitiated, vision is impaired and eyes appear yellow.
The fifth fire, bhrajaka, is located in the skin that gives the skin its shine. It protects the body from extreme atmospheric conditions. It facilitates the assimilation of light, wind, water and oil through the skin. If this is disturbed it causes skin diseases like psoriasis, eczema, and leukoderma.
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