Kamarupa, Ancient Kingdom of Assam - Informative & researched article on Kamarupa, Ancient Kingdom of Assam
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesStates of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
States of India|Indian Cities|Beaches of India|Hill Stations in India|Forests in India
Home > Travel > States of India > Assam > History of Assam > Kingdoms of Assam > Kamarupa
Kamarupa, Ancient Kingdom of Assam
Kamarupa is also known by the name Pragjyotisha. It was the first kingdom in Assam whose existence can be dated between 350 and 1140 CE.
 
 Kamarupa, Ancient Kingdom of AssamKamarupa was ruled by three dynasties from their capitals. It covered the entire Brahmaputra river valley, North Bengal and some parts of Bangladesh. This kingdom disappeared by 12th century. It was replaced by smaller political entities. This name is a present-day district in Assam.

In Mahabharata and Ramayana this area is known as Pragjyotisha. Kamarupa`s first inscription is from the Allahabad inscription of Samudragupta. According to the Kalika Purana this place had Karatoya River as its western boundary. The eastern border was the temple of the goddess Tamreshvari. The southern boundary was between the Dhaka and Mymensingh districts in Bangladesh. It appears that the kingdom was split by the 13th century into smaller kingdoms. From that came the Kamata kingdom in the west and the Ahom kingdom in the east.

Kamarupa began as a subordinate ally of the Gupta Empire. Kamarupa grew territorially to include the entire Brahmaputra valley and regions beyond it. The kingdom was ruled by Danava dynasty, Varman dynasty of Assam and Mleccha dynasty.

Pushyavarman had established the Varman dynasty. However his son Samudravarman was accepted as an overlord. The rulers who came after that continued their attempts to expand the kingdom. Narayanavarma and his son Bhutivarman offered the horse sacrifice. After expansion of Bhutivarman`s kingdom, it was attacked by Yasodharman of Malwa. Bhutivarman`s grandson, Sthitavarman enjoyed victories over the Gauda of Karnasuvarna and performed two horse sacrifices. Bhaskarvarman succeeded in expanding the kingdom.

Post Bhaskaravarman`s death the kingdom passed into the hands of Salasthambha who was a local governor of an aboriginal group called Mlechchha. This dynasty drew its lineage from the Naraka dynasty. The capital of this dynasty was Haruppeshvara.

Kamarupa was attacked and the western portion was invaded by the Pala Dynasty However Ramapala could not hold Kamarupa for long and thereby Timgyadeva ruled Kamarupa independently. In 1205 the Turkish Muhammad-i-Bakhtiyar passed through Kamarupa against Tibet that ended in utter disaster. Yuzbak attacked an unknown ruler of Kamarupa in 1257. However he could not hold on to the capital. Simultaneously western Kamarupa was being ruled by the chiefs of the Bodo tribe people, Koch tribe and Mech tribes.

(Last Updated on : 21/01/2013)
More Articles in Kingdoms of Assam  (6)
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in States of India
Leisure Tourism in Jamnagar District
Leisure tourism in Jamnagar District in Gujarat consists of interesting historical monuments, forts and palaces which bear testimony to the rich historical accounts associated to this part of the nation.
Districts of West Bengal
Districts of West Bengal figure nineteen in number. They add to the cultural and artistic heritage of the state of West Bengal. Alipurduar is now formed as Alipurduar District.
Surathkal
Surathkal is a suburb of Mangalore, in Karnataka, where the renowned National Institute of Technology Karnataka is situated. Surathkal beach also serves as a popular tourist destination
Districts of Meghalaya
Districts of Meghalaya comprises a total of seven administrative districts. Administration of each district is headed by a Deputy Commissioner.
Tamilakam
Tamilakam is used to denote a single area where the Tamil was a natural language and culture for common people.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on States of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Travel
 
 
Kamarupa, Ancient Kingdom of Assam - Informative & researched article on Kamarupa, Ancient Kingdom of Assam
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.