(Last Updated on : 09/05/2011)
It is general belief amongst the Hindus that God revealed the Vedas to some selected rishis. These rishis in turn framed the Vedas and the lyrical hymns for the common man. Eight rishis composed the Vedas
and its hymns. A book named `Six of the ten Books (II to VII) maintain homogeneity in their arrangements but they have written and worked by different family of seer. The merit of composing hymns was so great during the early times that hymns created by persons other than the highborn seers were also cordially welcomed. There are many instances where the person composing hymns is not of high class. For example Kavasa Ailusa was a non-Aryan convert (Sudra) but he became a rishi and composed Vedic hymns.
The female Vedic writers credited with composing hymns are noted below:
(1) Vak Devi: she was the daughter of Rishi Ambhrina. She is credited with composing the eight riks of 125 Sukta, Book X and Rig Veda. These riks are known as Devi-Sukta. In the ancient Vedic times it was a custom to read the Devi-Sukta on special occasions. In modern times instead of the Devi Sukta, the Chandi (recounting of the deeds of Durga) is read. In the eight hymns Vak Devi has conveyed her ideas of monotheism and chastity.
(2) Biswavara: She belonged to the Atri clan. She was the composer of six hymns. These hymns illustrate the gentle ideas, beauty and loving affections of the female.
(3) Aditi: She was the spouse of the great sage Kasyapa. Her father was King Daksha and she was the mother of twelve Aditya brothers of the deva-Aryans. Aditi is credited with composing five hymns of R. V.X, 153 Sukta. She has also composed the fifth, sixth and the seventh hymns of R. V., IV and 18 Sukta.
(4) Apala: She belonged to the Atri clan. She has also composed many beautiful hymns like Biswavara, the eight hymns of R.V. VIII and 91 Sukta.
(5) Yami: She has written the first, third, fifth, seventh, and eleventh hymns of R.V, 10 Sukta and even the five hymns of 154th Sukta.
(6) Urvashi: She has described her love marriage with Pururava, a lunar king, in seven hymns of the 95th Sukta, Book X and Rig Veda.
(7) Lopamudra: She was the Princess of Vidarbha and wife of the great sage Agastya. She has composed the first two hymns of the 179th Sukta of Book I of the Rig Veda.
(8) Romasa: she was the Queen of Bhava-Yavya and the mother of King Svanaya. She has composed the seventh hymn of 126th Sukta, Book I, and Rig Veda.