(Last Updated on : 04/08/2016)
Tribes of Haryana mostly belong to Indo-Aryan
families. The entire tribal population of Haryana
also includes several allied agricultural communities. Some of the major tribal communities of Haryana are Jats, Rajputs, Ahirs, Rors, Gujjars, etc. Majority of the Tribes of Haryana are engaged in cultivation as well as trade and commerce. They differ from one another as far as their culture, traditions and customs are concerned.
Jat Tribes of Haryana:
In the state of Haryana, Jats
occupy a major place, being one of the largest groups in the region. The Jats are further sub-divided into several chief and minor clans. The Jats have great physical and moral energy, are admirable cultivators. They are also engaged in trade, commerce and production of local products especially in rural areas. Jats also engage in government services, particularly army and police as well as civil services. The Jats form a predominant proportion in the districts of Hissar
and Karnal and are also found in good strength in Ambala
Rajput Tribes of Haryana: Rajputs
also occupy a significant portion of the state. They trace their ancestry to Kshatriyas
. In Haryana, the two oldest clans of Rajput settlers are the Mandhars and the Chauhans. Other Rajput clans include Badgujar, Bachas, Tunwars, Gurs, etc.
Ahir Tribes of Haryana:
In Haryana, Ahir community
is mainly concentrated in Mahendragarh district
. They are considered quite similar to the Jats having a number of clans.
Ror Tribes of Haryana:
Ror is a small tribe of Haryana. This tribe is largely concentrated in Karnal district
. They are engaged in agriculture
and allied activities.
Gujjar Tribes of Haryana
belong to the Kshatriya and Brahmin
castes. They are concentrated in large numbers in the Khadar and canal villages of the Karnal district in Haryana. In another category are the village artisans, craftsmen and others who help in the agricultural operations.
Harijan Tribes of Haryana:
In Haryana, the Harijans constitute roughly about one-fifth of the population of the state. The several categories of Harijans are the Chamars, Chhuras, Dhanaks and Julahas.
Bania Tribes of Haryana:
They are by tradition the chief trading class in Haryana. The Banias
are divided into 3 main classes, the Aggarwalas, the Oswals and Maheshwaris. Though small in number they are quite influential both in business and politics.
Meo Tribes of Haryana:
Meos are happy blend of Islam and Hinduism. The Meos are concentrated in Mewat, comprising the hill country tract of Gurgaon, Alwar and Baratpur. They take their name from the place of their residence the Mewat.
These are the major tribes of Haryana and they practice their indigenous religion maintaining their ethnicity.
Indian Tribal People
North Indian Tribes
Gujjars in Haryana