Tribes of Haryana mostly belong to Indo Aryan and Indo-Dravidian families. The entire tribal population of Haryana
also include several allied agricultural communities. Some of the major tribal communities of Haryana are Jats, Rajputs, Ahirs, Rors, Gujjars, etc. They differ from one another as far as their culture, traditions and customs are concerned.
In the state of Haryana, Jats
occupy a major place, being one of the largest groups in the region. Regarding their origin, some of the Jats claim that they have a Rajput origin and that their Rajput ancestors came from Malwa region and Bikaner. The Jats are further sub-divided into several chief and minor clans. The Jats are basically cultivators. They are also engaged in trade, commerce and production of local products especially in rural areas. Jats also engage in government services, particularly army and police as well as civil services. Rajputs
also occupy a significant portion of the state. They trace their ancestry to Kshatriyas
. In Haryana, the two oldest clans of Rajput settlers are the Mandhars and the Chauhans. Other Rajput clans include Badgujar, Bachas, Tunwars, Gurs, etc. In Haryana, Ahir community
is mainly concentrated in Mahendragarh district
. They are considered quite similar to the Jats having a number of clans. Ror is a small tribe of Haryana. This tribe is largely concentrated in Karnal district
. They are engaged in agriculture and allied activities. Gujjars are mainly concentrated in Khadar and Karnal districts.
These are the major tribes of Haryana and they practice their indigenous religion maintaining their ethnicity.
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