Vastu Shastra says that buildings are essentially living organisms; breathing and living frames. Not only this. They have movement in their own static existence. They have music in their own structure. Each static substance is associated with proportionate dynamism. So all the buildings are dynamic structures and all of them are musical and melodious, if at all they have been constructed according to the Vastu Vedic directions.
Vastu says that even though there are innumerable injunctions to be followed for the construction of perfect buildings, there are some principles which need immediate attention and observation, and which should not be neglected or violated, especially in the case of multi-storied buildings. They are the rules related to the central square or central space (brahma-sthana) and the plinths, rules related to the height of the building and to the height of each floor or storey and the principles concerned with the final or top construction.
Central Space and Plinth
In the construction of a temple or residential or other civic building, the central square, technically known as Brahma-sthana and decided by an appropriate Vastu-mandala, is the main factor for the longevity of the building. In the temple, usually this central square becomes the main shrine (garbha-griha). In a house it becomes the central and unoccupied open space for homely functions and ritualistic activities. The rule that no construction should be laid on the Brahma-sthana is not strictly adhered to in modern days. Since this rule is the most scientific, it should not be neglected.
Width of the Multi-storied Buildings
As set forth in the Manasdra, there are six types of building-designs and they are: Dandaka, Swastika, Maulika, Chaturmukha, Sarvatobhadra and Vardhamana. For all designs of the buildings, the width is considered to be the fundamental dimension. All other dimensions are derived only from the width. Whether the architectural structure is a temple or residential or official building, the width remains as the primal measure. The width is further divided into smaller units known as modules to facilitate the calculation of the dimensions of minor members of the structure. The modern architects, who are not well-rooted in the science of Vastu, do not consider the exact `dimension` of the width dimension. By according disproportionate length and height, they disturb the harmony of the building, distort the energy balance and displace its central axis, the main conduit for the inflow of cosmic forces.
According to the Vastu Sastra, the length of the building is ascertained based on its width.
It is said that the true musician is one who understands the harmony of being. The true architect is one who understands the harmony of being and the harmony of structure. It is the hope of the traditional architects that the modern builders would take into consideration the basic tenets laid down in the Vastu Sastra for the construction of multi-storied buildings.