(Last Updated on : 07/12/2013)
Sundri is a small or medium-sized evergreen tree which is found in the inland zone of mangrove forests in India. The Botanical name of Sundri is Heritiera littoralis Ait. This Indian tree is called in different names in various other languages in India which are Chandmara in Kannada, Kolland and Sun-Drichand in Marathi, Adavibadamu in Telugu, Mukuram and Nakam in Malayalam and Chomuntri and Kannadiyilai in Tamil.
Sundri is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, which grows occasionally to a height of about 25 meters, typically with a twisted, stunted stem, and thin, wavy buttresses. The bark of this tree is grey in colour and it is longitudinally furrowed. The leaves of Sundri are simple, ovate, oblong or elliptic, and are 12.5 to 20 centimetres long and 5 to 10 centimetres wide, coriaceous, glabrous, shining above, silvery and scaly beneath. The petioles are stout and are 0.5 to 2 centimetres long. The flowers of Sundri are small, orange-coloured, unisexual, borne in lax tomentose panicles up to 18 centimetres long. Fruit are ellipsoid, c. 2.5 centimetres long, with a rudder-like ridge, glabrous and glossy.
Sundri is distributed widely in the Old World tropics, in eastern Africa and from India eastwards throughout Southeast Asia to tropical Australia, Hawaii and New Caledonia. In India, This tree is found, never commonly, in the inland zone of mangrove forests along the coasts of peninsular India, the Sundarban in West Bengal
state and the Andaman Islands it is often planted in gardens. The fruits of Sundri are considered stomachic and tonic. A decoction of the seeds of this medicinal plant of India is given to relieve dysentery and diarrhea. The twigs are used as toothbrushes and the seeds of Sundri are edible.
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