Sundri, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Sundri, Indian Medicinal Plant
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Medicinal Plants > Sundri
Sundri, Indian Medicinal Plant
Sundri is a medium or small-sized tree which is seen in the mangrove forest in the coast of Peninsular India. This tree is of high medicinal use.
 
 Sundri, Indian Medicinal PlantSundri is a small or medium-sized evergreen tree which is found in the inland zone of mangrove forests in India. The Botanical name of Sundri is Heritiera littoralis Ait. This Indian tree is called in different names in various other languages in India which are Chandmara in Kannada, Kolland and Sun-Drichand in Marathi, Adavibadamu in Telugu, Mukuram and Nakam in Malayalam and Chomuntri and Kannadiyilai in Tamil.

Sundri is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, which grows occasionally to a height of about 25 meters, typically with a twisted, stunted stem, and thin, wavy buttresses. The bark of this tree is grey in colour and it is longitudinally furrowed. The leaves of Sundri are simple, ovate, oblong or elliptic, and are 12.5 to 20 centimetres long and 5 to 10 centimetres wide, coriaceous, glabrous, shining above, silvery and scaly beneath. The petioles are stout and are 0.5 to 2 centimetres long. The flowers of Sundri are small, orange-coloured, unisexual, borne in lax tomentose panicles up to 18 centimetres long. Fruit are ellipsoid, c. 2.5 centimetres long, with a rudder-like ridge, glabrous and glossy.

Sundri is distributed widely in the Old World tropics, in eastern Africa and from India eastwards throughout Southeast Asia to tropical Australia, Hawaii and New Caledonia. In India, This tree is found, never commonly, in the inland zone of mangrove forests along the coasts of peninsular India, the Sundarban in West Bengal state and the Andaman Islands it is often planted in gardens. The fruits of Sundri are considered stomachic and tonic. A decoction of the seeds of this medicinal plant of India is given to relieve dysentery and diarrhea. The twigs are used as toothbrushes and the seeds of Sundri are edible.

This article is a stub. You can enrich by adding more information to it. Send your Write Up to content@indianetzone.com

(Last Updated on : 07/12/2013)
More Articles in Indian Medicinal Plants  (261)
 
 
 
Kandla  
 
Mahul  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sirisa  
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary
Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary located in Assam provides shelter to a variety of animals and birds. The sanctuary has been named after the only ape of India, Hoolock Gibbon.
Hingolgadh Sanctuary
Hingolgadh Sanctuary is the tourist attraction spot of Gujarat. Hingolgadh Sanctuary is also the educational centre for the zoophilists and the geologists.
Overa Wildlife Sanctuary
Overa Wildlife Sanctuary is a most prominent wildlife sanctuary in Pahalgram District of Jammu and Kashmir.
Kaila Devi National Park
Kaila Devi National Park is the abode of Royal Bengal Tigers. This is the buffer zone of Ranthambore National Park.
Jaisamand Sanctuary
Jaisamand Sanctuary is one of the most prominent tourist attractions of Rajasthan. Jaisamand Sanctuary is the habitat of numerous species in dry and arid regions of Rajasthan.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Sundri, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Sundri, Indian Medicinal Plant
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.