(Last Updated on : 28/01/2012)
Revolts of the Jats during the reign of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb took place under the leadership of Gokul in 1669 A.D. The Jats organised the first revolt of the Hindus against the policy of religious persecution of Aurangzeb. The local Muslim officer at Mathura
, Abdul Nabi destroyed the temples of the Hindus and disrespected their women. In the year 1661 A.D., Abdul Nabi destroyed a Hindu temple and raised a mosque on its ruins.
under their leader Gokul revolted against the oppression in 1669 A.D. killed Abdul Nabi and looted the tehsil of Sadabai. In 1670 A.D., the temple of Keshav Rai was destroyed by the orders of Aurangzeb. It further inflamed the Hindus and Gokul could collect twenty thousand followers and he defeated a few small Muslim forces which were sent against him. He was, however, defeated and killed at the battle of Tilpat. The Jats were punished severely. But, the Jats remained undaunted. In the year 1686 A.D., they again raised the standard of revolt under their leader Raja Ram
gave serious trouble to the Mughals for many years, defeated a few Mughal officers and attacked even Agra
. Raja Ram was, however, defeated and killed in 1688 A.D. But then Churaman
, the nephew of Raja Ram led the Jats.
This revolt of the Jats continued till the death of Aurangzeb and, ultimately, the Jats succeeded in establishing their independent kingdom with its capital in Bharatpur.
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