Canal Irrigation in India - Informative & researched article on Canal Irrigation in India
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesGeography of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Geography of India > Indian Vegetation > Agriculture in India > Irrigation in India > Canal Irrigation in India
Canal Irrigation in India
Canal Irrigation is considered as the second most important procedure of irrigation in India after tube wells and wells.
 
 Canal Irrigation in TamilnaduCanal irrigation in India is one of the principal methods used for improving the growth of the crops. After wells and tube wells, canal irrigation is the second most important irrigation source. However, this method is only extended to those areas that are large level plains of deep fertile soil and are drained by well distributed perennial rivers. That is why it is quite natural that canal irrigation procedure is only limited to the plain areas of northern India, valleys of Indian peninsular plateau, coastal lowlands etc.

Digging of canals is quite expensive in uneven rocky areas. Moreover, it is of limited use. Thus, huge lands in the Indian plateau are irrigated through other methods other than canals. Canals can be both perennial as well as non-perennial. Apart from these canals, there are several stream canals that are taken off from the rivers without the construction of the barrages. But, in such cases the beds of the inundation canals are generally at a higher level comparatively than those of the rivers, the canals get enough water supplies only when the river is in flood. As a result, the stream canals are of limited use.

Constant attempts have been made to replace the inundated canals by the perennial ones. In mitigating the miseries and sufferings of the farmers, canal irrigation works have gone a long way. Every village in India has a pond or tank for preserving the rain water. Monsoons have been really uncertain in the country. In those areas where potable ground water is not sufficient like for instance, the zones of Indian plateau, water is supplied from reserved dams. In the past, irrigation works were small sized but with the passage of time, larger canal irrigation projects have been made possible.

Water soaks into the ground under the bed of unlined canal. That is why with the irregular supplies of water, level of sub-soil water in the canal irrigated areas also rises. In some areas, where the perennial unlined canals flow at the ground level and between raised high banks, it is quite possible that the water might reach the surface and render the cultivable soil entirely waterlogged. In India, canal irrigation is important in various states like Assam, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Haryana. Interestingly, more than half of the total irrigated area particularly of these states is irrigated with the usage of canals. Apart from these states, there are several other states where canal irrigation holds significance. These are Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Punjab, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. However, every year more and more cultivated land is being made useless in the canal irrigated areas.

(Last Updated on : 12/08/2011)
More Articles in Irrigation in India  (3)
Recently Updated Articles in Geography of India
Fishery in India
Fishery in India is a major industry in the country presently, thanks to the efforts of National Fisheries Development Board which has led to a considerable increment in fish production. India has rich marine fisheries to develop and exploit, with a massive ocean floor and dynamic sea currents.
Resources in India
Resources in India refer to the natural reserves that are used for the benefit of mankind and they can be categorised into Biotic and Abiotic Resources.
Lucknow Zoo
Lucknow Zoo, Uttar Pradesh was set up during 1921 inspired by the idea of Sir Harcourt Butler and its name was transformed to Lucknow Prani Udyan in 2001. About 298 birds, 463 mammals and 72 reptiles are existent inside its premises.
Amirthi Zoological Park
Amirthi Zoological Park, in Tamil Nadu, shelters a vast variety of vibrant fauna. The visitors can also cherish some other activities in the zoo like trekking and meditating.
Sakkarbaug Zoological Garden
Sakkarbaug Zoological Garden, situated in Gujarat, is the home to Asiatic lions in addition to a vast variety of other fauna and avian species. It also hosts a museum where manuscripts, animal skeletons and other interesting artefacts have been displayed.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Geography of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Canal Irrigation in India - Informative & researched article on Canal Irrigation in India
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.