(Last Updated on : 21/02/2011)
Gujjar population of India is near about 5.3 crores approximately. In India, Gujjar populations are found mainly in Jammu and Kashmir
, Himachal Pradesh
, western Uttar Pradesh
, northern Madhya Pradesh
, Delhi, Gujarat
. The semi-nomadic Gujjar groups are found in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and north-western Uttar Pradesh. The name for the state of Gujarat has derived from `Gurjar`. The Gurjars were classified as a Scheduled Tribe in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir, and as Other Backward Class in Rajasthan
and Madhya Pradesh.
Western Uttar Pradesh is totally dominated by Gurjars. Before the year 1857, western Uttar Pradesh was called Mini Gujarat due to domination of Gurjars as this region was ruled by them. The total population of Gurjars in Haryana
is roughly 10 lakh, which is forming slightly less than the overall 5 per cent of the total population. Gujjars in Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal are found both in Himalayan foothills and on the plains in the Rohilkhand area. Groups camp in the forests of Dehradun
and Saharanpur district
in winter from November to March. They migrate with herds of buffalo and cattle to the Himalayan summer pastures in Shimla
district (Himachal Pradesh) or Tehri Garwhal & Uttarkashi
, (Uttaranchal) for the months of April to October.
The main gotras of Gurjars found in the Faridabad
district of Haryana include Bhadana (14 villages), Nagar (20 villages), Bisla (10 villages) and Poswal (1 village). In Jammu and Kashmir, the concentration of Gurjars is observed in the districts of Rajouri and Poonch, followed by, Anantnag, Udhampur and Doda districts. It is believed that Gurjars migrated to Jammu and Kashmir from Gujarat. There are many Gurjar villages in the state of Punjab and most of these Gurjars are Sikhs. The last names of the Punjabi Gurjars include Kasana, Khepar, Kataria, Chaudhary, Bjarh, Chauhan, Bhumbla, Chandpuri, Chechi, Meelu, Hans, and others. In Uttar Pradesh, the Gurjar populations are mainly found in the western UP region that is Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Meerut, Moradabad, Bijnor, Ghaziabad, Noida, Bulandshahar and Bareilly
. To a fewer extent, they are also found in Rampur, Agra
According to some records, population of Gujjar community is relatively high in the central region of India.