Gabur or Ghand babul is a thorny bush or small tree with slender, zig-zag branches are marked with grey or pale brown dots. Flowers of gabur are bright yellow to orange in colour and have good fragrance; fruits are sub cylindrical in shape, slightly curved, conspicuously veined, dehiscent and dull brown in colour. This plant bears flowers from November to March, and fruits from February to June in central India. The botanical name of this plant is Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.
Gabur or Ghand babul is also commonly known as gaya babul in Bengali, cassie flower or fragrant acacia in English, gong-ghoguanria in Oriya and gabur in Sanskrit. Gabur is apparently native to the northern Mediterranean coast, introduced and naturalized throughout the tropics. In India it occurs, often gregariously, in loose, sandy soils of riverbeds throughout the country; often cultivated in gardens.
Gabur or Ghand babul is used in Ayurveda
for treating diseases. In Ayurvedic practice, the bark and heart-wood are used as substitutes for those of Acacia catechu, in the treatment of leprosy, pruritis, wounds, bronchial asthma
, distaste and stomatitis. The bark is considered alexiteric, anthelmintic and antidysenteric, and the gum is tonic and aphrodisiac. The tender leaves, bruised in a little water, are prescribed for gonorrhoea. The acrid, astringent bark is used in the form of a decoction for treating polyuria. The flowers are the source of the highly valued cassie perfume.
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