Gabur, Ghand Babul, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Gabur, Ghand Babul, Indian Medicinal Plant
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Medicinal Plants > Gabur
Gabur, Ghand Babul, Indian Medicinal Plant
Gabur or Ghand Babul has a lot of medicinal properties and is used in Ayurveda for treating diseases.
 
 Gabur, Ghand Babul, Indian Medicinal PlantGabur or Ghand babul is a thorny bush or small tree with slender, zigzag branches are marked with grey or pale brown dots. Flowers of gabur are bright yellow to orange in colour and have good fragrance; fruits are sub-cylindrical in shape, slightly curved, conspicuously veined, dehiscent and dull brown in colour. This plant bears flowers from November to March, and fruits from February to June in central India. The botanical name of this plant is "Acacia Farnesiana (L.) Wild". Gabur thrives well in dry localities and on loamy or sandy soils where it may serve as a sand binder. They grow on loose sandy soil of river beds, on pure sand in plains of Punjab and require a dry tropical climate.

Characteristic Features of Gabur
Aroma is a much branched, spiny shrub or small tree, reaching a height of 2 to 4 meters. Branches are more or less zigzagging with sharp spines, 1 to 4 centimeters long; branchlet spines are smaller. Leaves are bipinnate, 5 to 8 centimeters long. Pinnae are usually 10 to 12. Leaflets are linear-oblong, 15 to 40, and 4 to 7 millimeters long. Heads are axillary, solitary or fascicled, rounded and about 1 centimeter in diameter. Flowers are numerous, yellow and fragrant. Pods are smooth, brown, nearly cylindrical, 5 to 7 cm long, 1 1.5 cm wide, straight and curved. Seeds in two series, embedded in dry spongy tissue.

Different Names of Gabur
"Gabur" or "Ghand Babul" is also commonly known as "Gaya Babul" in Bengali, "Cassie Flower" or "Fragrant Acacia" in English, "Gong-Ghoguanria" in Oriya and "Gabur" in Sanskrit. Gabur is apparently native to the northern Mediterranean coast, introduced and naturalized throughout the tropics. In India it occurs, often gregariously, in loose, sandy soils of riverbeds throughout the country; often cultivated in gardens.

Medicinal Uses of Gabur
Gabur or Ghand babul is used in Ayurveda for treating diseases. In Ayurvedic practice, the bark and heart-wood are used as substitutes for those of "Acacia catechu", in the treatment of leprosy, pruritis, wounds, bronchial asthma, distaste and stomatitis. The tender leaves, bruised in a little water, are prescribed for gonorrhoea. A bathe in the bark decoction works as a treatment for typhoid. The gummy roots have been chewed as a treatment for sore throat. A decoction of the gum from the trunk has been used in the treatment of diarrhoea. An infusion of the flowers has been used as a stomachic. It is also used in the treatment of dyspepsia and neuroses. The flowers are added to ointment, which is rubbed on the forehead to treat headaches. The powdered dried leaves have been applied externally as a treatment for wounds. An infusion of the pod has been used in the treatment of sore throats, diarrhoea, leucorrhoea and conjunctivitis.

(Last Updated on : 19/05/2015)
More Articles in Indian Medicinal Plants  (262)
 
 
 
Kandla  
 
Mahul  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sarmal  
 
 
 
Chaksu  
 
Gabur  
 
 
 
 
Shami  
 
Aila  
 
 
 
Sirisa  
 
 
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Trikosaki
Trikosaki, the medicinal plant of India are used for the treatment of vertigo, toothache, piles and tuberculosis.
Oak
Oak is a large tree which is found in plenty in the Himalayan regions. The primary use of its timber is as fuel and the leaves of this tree is the best fodder.
Biskandri
Biskandri is a small perennial herb that is found across India. It has got very good Ayurvedic medicinal properties and is a chief ingredient in the preparation of over a hundred Ayurvedic formulations.
Golden Champa
Golden Champa tree contains some highly scented yellow flowers which are popular among the women.
Wild Almond Tree in India
‘Wild Almond’ is a tall, straight tree. The scientific name of the tree is ‘Sterculia Foetida’. They have a variety in their leaf-shape.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Gabur, Ghand Babul, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Gabur, Ghand Babul, Indian Medicinal Plant
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.