(Last Updated on : 28/08/2017)
Villages of Maharashtra are considered the lifeline for the state as the economic, agricultural or industrial
strength of Maharashtra
largely depends upon the villages
. Maharashtra is one of the largest states in India
by geographical area and also has one of the highest rural populations. A major portion of the state's total population lives in the villages of Maharashtra.
People from different religious communities live in the villages of Maharashtra. The Hindus
are the principal religion
in the villages of Maharashtra. The largest populations of Jains
in India are said to reside in the villages of Maharashtra. There are many tribal communities
as well. The major tribes of Maharashtra
, etc. Many languages
are spoken by the people in the villages of Maharashtra out of which, Marathi
is the most widely spoken.
Education in Villages of Maharashtra
Significant portions of the population in the villages of Maharashtra are educated. The literacy rate in the villages of Maharashtra is counted amongst the highest ones in India. Several government primary schools have been established in the rural areas to provide primary education
to the children. There are also many colleges and universities established in the urban areas to provide higher education
to the students. Many new educational institutions have recently been established by the governmental authorities to further improve the education
al scenario in the villages of Maharashtra.
Occupation in Villages of Maharashtra
Like most villages in other parts of the country, agriculture
is the principal occupation for a majority of people in the villages of Maharashtra. The villagers cultivate both food crops
and cash crops
throughout the year to earn their livelihoods. The major food crops cultivated in the villages of Maharashtra include wheat
, bajra, pulses
, grapes, bananas, oranges, etc. On the other hand groundnut, cotton
, etc. are the principal cash crops cultivated in the villages of Maharashtra. Apart from these, the crops
like sorghum, pearl millets
, chickpea, soybean, sunflower, safflower, etc. are also cultivated by the villagers in Maharashtra.
oranges, oranges of Bathplug, the Alphonso mangoes, the grapes of Nashik
, etc are popular throughout the country.
The villages of Maharashtra are also quite famous for producing many high quality arts
products. The most notable arts and crafts in the villages of Maharashtra include the Sawantwadi Crafts, Bidri Works
, Kolhapuri chappals, leather works
, Mashru and Himru, Paithani sarees
, Narayan Peth Sarees, etc. The residents in the villages of Maharashtra are also involved in various industries.
Festivals in Villages of Maharashtra
The cultural diversity in the villages of Maharashtra is quite remarkable. The villages have a multi-cultural identity as they are home to various religious communities and ethnic groups. The villagers celebrate a number of fairs
throughout the year and they like to wear traditional dresses
during the festivals. The most famous religious festivals celebrated in the villages of Maharashtra include Diwali
, Makar Sankranti
, Nag Panchami, Pola, Gudi Padwa
, Narali Pournima, Gokul Ashtami, Ganesh Chaturthi
, etc. The other popular festivals are the Elephanta Festival
, Ellora Festival
, Pune Festival, Banganga Festival, etc.
The residents in the villages of Maharashtra perform different forms of traditional music
during the fairs and festivals. The famous traditional music and the folk forms performed in the villages of Maharashtra include lavnis
, povadas, gondnals, bharuds
, etc. The other popular forms of traditional folk music
include Chitrakatha, Dhonageet, Tamasha
, etc. The tribal culture
is one of the most remarkable features of the Maharashtra villages. The tribes have their own ways of dressing, dialect, folklore, customs and practices and have a rich cultural heritage that is distinctly different from the other social groups. They still practice their old traditions like worshipping nature in different forms, animal
sacrifices during religious ceremonies, adorning head with horn, etc.
The wonderful pictorial view of the villages of Maharashtra attracts many tourists from all over the country every year. The people like to explore the rich cultural variety and also to experience the tribal life in the villages of Maharashtra.