(Last Updated on : 16/09/2013)
India is noted for the vistas of culture, tradition and also geographical variations, climatic conditions and demography. A Union Territory, defined as the "sub-national administrative division of India" is directly ruled by the Federal National Government. The Union territories are therefore under the domination of direct administration and control of the federal government of India. The President of India nominates an Administrator or Lieutenant Governor for each territory. As per recent statistics, there are six union territories. Delhi became the National Capital Territory in the year 1991. Union Territories are the administrative divisions of India. In. Union Territories are ruled directly by the national government. The union territories of India are Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh , Dadra and Nagar Haveli , Daman and Diu, Lakshwadeep, Delhi and Puducherry.
Chandigarh , Indian Union Territory
Among the Union territories of India, the name of Chandigarh deserves special mentioning due to its unique functioning. Being the capital of two states, namely Punjab and Haryana, Chandigarh still is not under the jurisdiction of either state. Rather it is under the control of the Central government and hence is regarded as union territory. It is the richest city in India with a per capita income of Rs 67,370 and Chandigarh has the largest number of vehicles per capita. Chandigarh is also known as Shopper's Paradise. The impact of this high per capita income can be seen in the increased consumption of electricity, petrol and mobile phone and Internet connectivity. The IT Park of Chandigarh is making attempts to break into the IT world. Multinational corporations including .Quark, Infosys, Dell, Ranbaxy have offices in the suburbs of Chandigarh.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands , Indian Union Territory
Andaman and Nicobar Islands are described as the Tourist's Paradise. It lies in the Indian Ocean and comprises of two islands namely, the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands. These Islands separate the Andaman Sea to the East from the Indian Ocean. These islands float in isolation at the east of the Indian Mainland. These islands are an archipelago of 572 emerald islands, islets and rocks known as Andaman & Nicobar Islands. It is one of the important union territories of India. Its capital is Port Blair. It is situated in the Indian Ocean, and has more than five hundred and seventy islands. Formerly, the British used them as an isolated prison for the fighters of Indian Independence. However, these 'Emerald Islands' are a famous tourist destination. Few of the islands in Andaman and Nicobar are rugged, nicely juxtaposed with dense 'tropical' forests and serene coastal beaches. . It is also famous for the active volcano, known as Barren Island. Adventure sports like trekking, Island camping, snorkeling, SCUBA diving are in thing in Andaman and Nicobar Islands especially among the tourists. The places of interest are Cellular Jail, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, Water Sports Complex, Fisheries Museum, Chidiya Tapu, Mount Harriet and Samudrika Museum. The Andaman and Nicobar islands are beautifully described as Emerald Islands. This island stretches over a length of more than 700 kms. From North to South there are 36 inhabited islands. These islands are beautifully covered with evergreen forests and hills. The sandy beaches meandering the coastline are covered with coconut palms that dance in the air to the rhythm of the sea.
Daman and Diu , Indian Union Territory
Daman and Diu is the second smallest among the other union territories in India, with its two distinct parts, enveloped between Arabian Sea and Gujarat. Daman is situated near Surat: and Diu is located near Junagadh. The chief profession for the people of Daman and Diu is fishing. It is a stunning tourist spot, and is famous for its Nagoa Beach. There are few hotels to accommodate to the lodging needs of tourists. The Damanganga Project, which is located in the Dadra and Nagar Haveli, is a joint venture of the state of Gujarat and Goa and the Union Territory of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
Lakshwadeep , Indian Union Territory
Lakshwadeep is the smallest one, situated in the Arabian Sea. It consists of twelve coral atolls, three coral reefs, five banks, and numerous islets, and is under the jurisdiction of Kerala High Court. The capital of this union territory is Kavaratti. It is a famous tourist destination and has many state of the art hotels. The main islands are Kavaratti, Agatti, Amini and Minicoy. Tall green coconut palms offer spectacular beauty and turn this land into a tropical paradise. It is a land of lagoons, its exquisite 'underwater' life that perplexes viewers and tourists. Dolphins, Turtles, Tuna, Rays and Flying fish too drew the attraction of the tourists. Though smallest in area, the Union Territory of Lakshwadeep has tremendous economic potentialities because of its vast economic zone. Agriculture is the main economy here. The area under cultivation is about 27.50 sq.km. Coconut is the major crop here with a production of 27.7 million nuts per year. Another major activity is fishery. The island stands first in the per capita availability of fish. The gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $60 million at current prices likely to increase. Tourism has become a major source of income here.
Delhi , Indian Union Territory
Delhi too is no less significant among the union territories of India. Infact has the political status of a 'federally-administered' union territory, called the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). A constitutional amendment in 1991 bestowed upon Delhi a special status; Delhi has its own legislative assembly with restricted powers. The National Capital Territory of Delhi comprises nine districts, 27 tehsils, three statutory towns viz. Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), New Delhi Municipal Committee (NDMC) and Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB), 59 census towns and 165 villages. National Capital Territory of Delhi is an important commercial center in South Asia. Delhi has a per capita income of 53,976 INR which is around 2.5 times of the national average. The major service sectors of Delhi are information technology, telecommunications, hotels, banking, media and tourism. The large consumer market of Delhi has attracted foreign investment in Delhi. The retail industry of Delhi is one of the fastest growing industries in India.
Puducherry , Indian Union Territory
Puducherry is known as the mystic city which has a cosmopolitan setting. Puducherry is known as the Window of French culture. Since it was under the dominance of French Colony, French influence is quite prominent even in the contemporary period also. The whole city can be distinctly divided into two sections: the French quarter and the Indian quarter. Many streets still have their French names. Even the buildings are an ideal mix of French colonial style. Crops like paddy, coconuts, arcanuts, condiments, spices, pulses, groundnut and chilies are cultivated here. The state economy shows its extravagance in various professions like agriculture and fisheries. There are about 6,607 industries in Puducherry. The number of industrial units registered here are 6,634 units. The total profit from these industries works out to be Rs. 9,141.34 core. These industries manufactures products as textiles, computers and peripherals, UPS and other electronic products, consumer durables, fast moving consumer goods, pharmaceuticals, leather goods, earth moving equipments, sugar, yarn, spirit, beer, potassium chlorate, rice-bran oil, auto parts, disposable syringes, roofing sheets, washing machines, bio-polymers, steel tubes, LPG cylinders, etc.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli , Indian Union Territory
Dadra and Nagar Haveli is described as the ' land of natural beauty'. There are four industrial estates in the territory. Among the union territories of India, Dadra and Nagar Haveli are situated in the western region of India, Silvasa is its capital city and 'Lieutenant Governor' administered it. It is located on the northern banks of the Daman Ganga River. The main language of this union territory is Gujarati. The inhabitants took up manufacturing as their main occupation, thus constituting a considerable proportion of the economy of the region. .