(Last Updated on : 16/01/2015)
Counted amongst the top biosphere reserves of India, the Nokrek Biosphere Reserve is located in the Garo Hills district that is only 2 kms away from Tura Peak. Situated in the state of Meghalaya, the reserve is considered to be one of the least disturbed forest tracts of the sub-Himalayan ranges. It is also the first biosphere reserve of its kind in the northeast region.
The entire area of the Nokrek Biosphere Reserve is hilly and the main rocks include gneisses, granulites, migmatites, amphibolites and the banded iron formation that is intruded by basis and ultra-basic bodies. In most parts of the Biosphere Reserve, the soil is red loam, however, sometimes the soils varies from clayey to sandy loam. Though, the soils are rich in organic matter and nitrogen, they are deficient in phosphate and potash. The area also consists of patchy sedimentary rock that comprises pebble bed, sand stone and carbonaceous shales.
The Nokrek Biosphere Reserve is home to a great variety of flora and fauna species and for this reason, it witnesses a large number of visitors visiting its, every year. The diversity of the animal species in this reserve includes the mammals, reptiles, avifauna and invertebrate groups. Apart from that, the reserve is also home to a wide variety of fauna. Some of the most notable animal species found in the reserve include the Fishing Cat, the Serow and the Tiger.
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