(Last Updated on : 14/06/2017)
Coastal Rivers relate to the rivers
in the coastal
regions of India. These regions comprise of the Indian states
lying close to the Bay of Bengal
, Arabian Sea
and Indian Ocean
. These states are West Bengal
, Andhra Pradesh
, Tamil Nadu
and parts of Gujarat
. It is important to note that most of these states lack seasonal rainfall
or have parched weather, scanty vegetation
and sandy tracts. The coastal rivers which can almost be regarded as streams, especially on the west coast are short in length, episodic, ephemeral and have restricted catchment areas. Most of them are non-perennial. Several coastal rivers are comparatively small making them go almost unidentified. There are as many as 600 rivers on the west coast, while only a handful of coastal rivers drain into the sea near the delta of east cost. Some of the Indian states holding rivers in coastal regions are mentioned below.
West Bengal Coastal Rivers
is located in West Bengal, Jharkhand
and parts of Odisha. It has a length of about 395 km (245 mi). Kangsabati River starts its journey from the Chota Nagpur Plateau
in West Bengal. It has a length of about 465.23 km (289 mi).
Andhra Pradesh Coastal Rivers
r and Nagavali River
are the two chief coastal rivers in Srikakulam district
. Sharada River commences at Devarapally in Vishakhapatnam
district and drains into the Bay of Bengal.
Tamil Nadu Coastal Rivers
starts its journey from Agastyarkoodam Peak of Pothigai Hills of the Western Ghats
. It has a length of about 185 km (115 mi). Vaigai River
is located in Madurai
in Tamil Nadu and starts its journey from Varusanadu Hills. The river has a length of about 258 km (160 mi). Some of the other coastal rivers in Tamil Nadu are Vellar River, Vasishta Nadi and Sweta Nadi.
Karnataka Coastal Rivers
Coastal rivers in Karnataka flow through three coastal districts
and unite with the Arabian Sea. These include the Netravati River
, Sharavathi River
, Aghanashini River and rivers of Dakshina Kannada district
and Udupi district
. Palar River
starts its journey from the Nandi Hills
in Kolar district
of Karnataka. It has a length of about 216 m (348 km).
Maharashtra Coastal Rivers
Vashishti River starts its journey from the Western Ghats and has many riverine islands
. Savitri River
starts its journey from Mahabaleshwar
in Maharashtra and traverses through Raigad district
. The other Maharashtra coastal rivers are Shastri River, Gad River, Patalganga River, Ulhas River
, Mithi River
or Mahim River, Oshiwara River, Dahisar River, Tansa River (Thane
), Vaitarna River and Surya River.