(Last Updated on : 04/05/2009)
The villages of Tamil Nadu are some prominent destinations in south India. The religious traditions and festivals of the Tamil Nadu villages are still widely followed all across the state.
The villages of Tamil Nadu can be distinguished into particular divisions, namely villages in Coimbatore District, villages in Dindigul District, villages in Nilgiris District, villages in Salem District and villages in Sivaganga District. All the villages of Tamil Nadu are special and prominent for their own specific reasons. Some yield massive amount of food crops, while some are vital transaction points and some feature distinguished cultural integrity.
The village deities of Tamil Nadu are not into the traditional patterns of Hindu Gods and Goddesses. They are known as Kaval deivam or guardian spirits in Tamil. These village deities are associated to a main deity who is generally attributed as Kuladeivam by various sects of community and kinfolk as part of tracing their generation through centuries. Amman deities are usually installed in the center of the village but the Sonai, Sudalai or the Formless Nadukkal deities are installed close to grave-yards, cemeteries or burial and sometimes, also near memorial centers.
The worship pattern in villages of Tamil Nadu is also non-Vedic through Folk tale, Folk Song and Folk arts, namely the Villupattu, Karagam, Koothhu and so on. The local priests of the villages offer Veeputhi (holy ash) or Holy flowers to the worshippers and may play the oracle role for shamanism. Other various natural energy worship in the form of Muthaaramman, Pachai Thanni Amman, Muthalamman, Pachaiyamman, Pal Pazhakkari amman and others are also followed in the villages of Tamil Nadu.
Several hero stones and sati stones are seen scattered in the villages of Tamil Nadu. These stones depict the males who sacrifice their life for good causes. Sati stones are the stones provided for females who sacrificed their life. Several legends are related to the villages of Tamil Nadu that are associated to social suppression stories such as Kannagi, Nallathangal, out of which various worships were created to remind the people not to commit or repeat the social mistakes of the past.
Purity and Chastity of women are given more reverence and prominence in villages of Tamil Nadu. During the Tamil Months of Karthikai, the villages of Tamil Nadu are decorated lavishly for the celebration of their regional festivals in Masi, Panguni, Aadi and Vaigasi temples. Generally, a mass convention assembly of large number of related family member gathering is seen during the spring season for tenure of 2 to 3 days. The commencement of any Tamil Nadu village festival starts with that of a hoisting of the flag and tying "Kappu." Mayana Pujai is mostly practiced in midnight during the worship of Irulappasamy or Sadalaisamy.
The traditional "Theru Koothu" and "Villu Pattu" dance dramas are famous street shows in villages of Tamil Nadu. Since the earlier days, these were the only means of entertainment that conveyed social messages to the village people. The conflicts within the villages of Tamil Nadu are solved by the village Panchayat with occasional choices of the interference of police or the court system. The villages of Tamil Nadu are prominent for their cultural facets that not only reflect the integrity of the state but also India, as a whole.