The Kural is one of the styles of classical Tamil poetry. This is a short poetic form of two lines. The first line of this poetic form consists of four words and the second line consisting of three words. It should also conform to the grammar for Venpa. One of the examples of Kural is the Thirukkural, one of the greatest philosophical works in Tamil language by Thiruvalluvar. There are 1330 poems in one hundred and thirty three chapters. Each chapter consists of ten poems or verses. These 133 Pathigams or chapters are under broad classification of three parts. They are Arathupal, Porutpal and Kamathupal.
The popular reverence it gained from the very first has insured its preservation, and it is probable that we have it almost unaltered. The first poem invokes, not Ganesha or Saraswati, but the everlasting God the god of omnipotence of the ultimate reality. The next is in praise of rain, then on virtue and moral excellence, then follow songs on the duties of husbands, wives, and children; then on Love, Hospitality, Gratitude, Patience, Backbiting, Benevolence, and all full of the noblest sentiments; and maxims that seem as if they had been taken from the Christian Scriptures.
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