(Last Updated on : 24/08/2013)
Dance is a beautiful form of visual art. This form of performing art becomes enthralling with the inspirational, energetic, and sensual presentation of the Indian Dancers. The performance of the artists intensifies the dancing sequence and highlights the theme. The exoticism and magnificent steps of the dancers enliven the performance while entertaining as well as enlightening. The dances of India are either religiously reverent in nature, based on mythology, or they are intended to mark occasions, special ceremonies such as marriage, birth of a child or other auspicious events. The stylish and elegant spirit of Indian Dancers have augmented each dance form and taken the Indian dances to the world stage.
History of Indian Dancers
The very essence of Indian dance can be found prominently in its classical form. Classical dance refers to Natya, whose theory can be traced back to Natya Shastra of Bharat Muni. Indian dance with its distinct flavour of Natya, leela, rasa, and mudra has illustrated the rich ethnicity of India since the remote past of the ancient times. Natya Shastra had categorized eight classical dance forms namely Bharatnatyam
, Manipuri, Mohiniaattam, Odissi
. These classical dances were performed by the Devadasis to gratify the almighty. In the ancient days, dance performances took place inside the sanctum of the temples. However, in the medieval era dance performances were taken to the courts of the kings and the concept of `Rajanarthakis` developed. Gradually, dance began to be appreciated as a separate art form and Indian Dancers started taking keen interest in this creative field. The country saw upsurge of various talents and several dance personalities reshaped this form of art with concentration.
Contribution of Indian Dancers
Indian Dancers have outstanding contribution in popularising the different forms of dances. There are many different forms and style of Indian dance. Each style has its roots in regional history and culture. These dance forms became a brilliant event as the artists captivate the interest of the audience by presenting it on their own way while retaining the historical essence. The involvement of the dancers increasingly helped dancing to develop as choreography and fusion dancing. Both the styles are a story of evolution that incorporates the various styles of dance form.
Famous Indian Dancers
Indian dancers who dedicated themselves in this field have thus restyled the classical dances with their expertise. A few names of the notable dance personalities include Rukmini Devi Arundale
, a well known Bharatanatyam dancer instrumental in popularising Bharatanatyam abroad. Guru Kelucharan Mohapatra
was also among the many maestros of Odissi, credited for the revival of the classical dance form in the 20th century. Sonal Mansingh
has dedicated her life to develop Odissi and contributed in preserving the heritage of the land. Sunanda Nair
has captured the attention of the audience both as Bharatanatyam and Kathakali dancer. Kuchipudi dance style was delineated in the contemporary sense by Sidhendra Yogi. Vedantam Lakshminarayana, Chinta Krishnamurthy
and Tadepalli Perayya are the Indian Dancers who have enriched the dancing method. Pandit Birju Maharaj
is a living legend of Kathak among the leading Indian Dancers. Sohini Ray
as well as Poushali Chatterjee
have also added their talent in the field of Manipuri dance.
Among Indian dances, in contemporary times, fusion dances have also upheld an appreciating position. The exponents of fusion dancing, Pandit Uday Shankar
and his daughter Mamata Shankar have earned recognition. The ballet troupe of Mamata Shankar comprises of talented Indian Fusion Dancers. Choreography has come up to a position of acknowledgment in modern times besides fusion dancing. Farah Khan Kunder, Saroj Khan
as well as Vaibhavi Merchant
are a few names as leading and most versatile choreographers. Furthermore, folk and tribal dancers of India also have a vital part in popularising the culture and tradition of their region. Folk dances are treasure of a variety of Indian dance. The diversity in culture and tradition is reflected in the folk dances of India. It is the conscientiousness of the folk dancers to make the dance form of India spectacular and fascinate the audience. Indian dancers thus have a significant role to enrich the Indian dances with their grace, stylish movement and aesthetic ‚lan.