(Last Updated on : 12/05/2017)
Rasa Dance also known as Rasalila
is the traditional dance
custom of Krishna
with the Radha
and the Gopis
. The traditional stories of Krishna are described in Hindu scriptures
like the Bhagavata Purana
, the Gita
Govinda, where he dances with Radha and her associates or sakhis.
The term, 'rasa' means emotion or performance and 'lila' is a concept from Hinduism
, which roughly translates to 'play or lila of the dance or rasa'. Thus, Rasa Dance is known as the Dance of Divine Love.
Myths of Rasa Dance
The rasa dance
is a totally religious presentation. In order to set up this fact, Krishna, the utmost spiritual, expanded himself in many forms and stood next to each gopi. Placing his hands on the shoulders of the gopis on both sides of him, he began to dance in their middle. The spiritualist expansions of Krishna were not perceived by the gopis because Krishna appeared single-handedly to each of them.
Each gopis thought that Krishna was dancing with her alone. Over that magnificent dance flew many airplanes carrying the denizens of the wonderful planets, who were very worried to see the superb dance of Krishna with the gopis. The Gandharvas
and the Kinnaras
began to sing, and, accompanied by their respective wives, all the Gandharvas began to shower flowers
on the dancers
. As the gopis and Krishna danced mutually, a very peaceful musical sound was produced from the tinkling of their bells
, ornaments and bangles. It appeared that Krishna was a greenish navy locket in the midst of a golden necklace
decorated with priceless stones. While Krishna and the gopis danced, they displayed amazing bodily features. The movements of their legs, their placing their hands on one another, the movements of their eyebrows, their smiling, their clothes, their earrings
, their cheeks, their hair with flowers - as they sang and danced these combined together to come into sight like clouds, boom, snow and lightning. Krishnas bodily features appeared just like a group of clouds
, their songs were like thunder, the beauty of the gopis appeared to be just like lightning in the sky and the drops of perspiration noticeable on their faces appeared like falling snow. In this way, both the gopis and Krishna were fully busy in dancing.
Performance of Rasa Dance
Rasa Lila is a well-liked form of folk theatre in the regions of Mathura
in Uttar Pradesh
, particularly in the festivals of Krishna Janmashtami and Holi and in the middle of different followers of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
in the area. Raas Leela is also observed as one of the State Festivals of Assam
which regularly is celebrated during late November or early December. Rasa Lila is depicted within Manipuri classical Indian dance
and revolves roughly the same story of the love between Krishna and the cowherd girls and tells the heavenly love story of Krishna, svayam bhagavan and Radha, his godly beloved.
Lord Krishna in the middle of the Raas Leela dance depicts that there is a Parmatma or the lord about whom the whole universe is formed. The gopis dance around the lord and they all are considered as the partner of the lord. The gopis were for eternity women and hardly was a man enchanted by Lord Krishna in this form. This too has a deep religious essence.
The dance demonstrates an everlasting love of Radha and Krishna as been described in the Hindu scriptures
. It also reveals the magnificent love of Lord Krishna and Radha as well as the devotion of Gopis towards the Lord. In real dance performance, the eye catching elegant movements and beautiful gestures can be seen. During performance, these movements are controlled very much, that it acquires a touch of religious force.