(Last Updated on : 13/05/2017)
Chandannagar, which was earlier referred to as 'Chandernagore', is now a sub-divisional town with the French art
, architecture and culture along with the Hindu
and Bengali traditions in Hooghly
Naming of Chandannagar
The name 'Chandernagore' or Chandannagar is a derivation from the shape of Ganga River
which resembles a half moon.
Location of Chandannagar
Chandannagar is located on the banks of Hooghly River
. The modern city- Chandannagar is about 30 km away from the northern part of Kolkata
, it was formed of three old 'mouzas' known as Khalisani, Boro and Gondolpara and its area was about nine square kilometer including the Chhitmahal of Gourhati.
History of Chandannagar
History of Chandannagar began with the French colonization in Bengal now the modern West Bengal
. During 1673, Chandannagar was a French colony, during which time Ibrahim Khan, the Nawab of Bengal
had granted permission to the French to establish trade on the banks of Hooghly River
. Later during the rule of independent Nawabs of Bengal
, British East India Company
rose into prominence and French East India Company
had their steady decline. After the Independence of India in 1947, Chandannagore was merged with the Union Government of India
(2nd October 1954).
Geography of Chandannagar
The geographical coordinates of Chandannagar is 22.87 degree North to 88.38 degree East and its elevation measures about 10 meters.
Demography of Chandannagar
According to the 2011 census of population, Chandannagar, was reported to be around 1, 66, 949. The number of females are 82, 692 while the number of males are 84, 257. The average literacy rate as revealed by the census report stands at 90.62 percent.
Education in Chandannagar
Chandannagar has many educational institutions of both British and French missionaries.
The missionaries had constructed a school for Bengali boys in the southern portion of Chandannagar, where French and Bengali languages
were taught. College Dupleix was also created by these missionaries, which was later renamed as Ecole Dupleix from 1901 onwards. Kanailal Vidyamandir, Banga Vidyalaya, Nritya Gopal Sett Prathamik Vidyalaya and Krishna Bhabini Nari Siksha Mandir are some of the notable schools of pre-independence era.
Culture of Chandannnagar
is a major festival which is observed with great enthusiasm and gaiety in the region of Chandannagar. Historical accounts assert that Jagadhatri Puja in Chandannagar
was started by Indranarayan Chowdhury, following a similar procedure to that practised by Raja Krishnachandra who reigned over Krishnanagar
Tourism in Chandannagar
Chandannagar comprises of many tourist attractions and the eco tourism spots
. These are Chandannagore Museum and Institute, The Sacred Heart Church, French Cemetery, Chandanangar Gate, Chandernagore Heritage Museum, Radhanath Sikdar Himalayan Museum, Underground House or 'Patalbari', Nritya Gopal Smriti Mandir, Chandannagar Strand, Nandadulal Temple, Bishalakshmi temple, KMDA, Chuti Park, New Digha
and many others. Belur Math
and Dakshineshwar Temple
are the nearby attractions here.
Chandannagar is accessible through roadways, railways and airways. Chandannagar is 37 km by road from Kolkata
Road. Taxis and private cars in Kolkata are easily available to approach Chandannagar. There are local trains from Howrah Station through Howrah
- Burdwan Eastern Railway main line run very frequently. The nearest airport is at Kolkata Airport
, Government of West Bengal operates river services across the Hooghly River and also between Chandannagar and Kolkata and Belur.