(Last Updated on : 30/05/2014)
Bengaluru is the capital city of Karnataka
. It is located on the Deccan Plateau
towards the south-eastern part of Karnataka. Bengaluru is one of the most developed cities of the Indian sub-continent and is rightly called the Silicon Valley of India. The city of Bengaluru can be called a perfect blend of natural beauty and man-made wonders. It is the fifth most populous urban conglomerate and is the third most populated city in the country. Bengaluru can be called a seat of cultural melting pot because people from far and wide throng the city to use its advancement for growth and progress.
History of Bengaluru
The history of Bengaluru dates back to 1537 when Kempe Gowda I had undertaken the architecture of this modern city. He had made present Bengaluru a province of the Vijayanagar Empire
. During the British rule, Bengaluru had become an important seat of colonial rule. The Bangalore Cantonment was established during this time. As a result migrants from various parts of the country started coming in.
Geography of Bengaluru
Bengaluru is placed at the heart of the Mysore
Plateau. It is at an elevation of 920 meters above sea level.
The city of Bengaluru is positioned at the juncture of 12.97 degrees north latitude and 77.56 degrees east longitude. It encompasses an area of 741 square kilometers. The topology of the city is more or less flat except for the central ridge that runs from north-eastern part of the city to the south-western part of the city. No major river cuts the city and it has only a very few fresh water lakes and water tanks.
The vegetation of the city is mainly of the deciduous variety with very few coconut trees.
Due to its favourable geographic position the city of Bengaluru enjoys a moderate climate throughout the year. Occasional heat waves make the city uncomfortable during the summer months. The hottest month experienced by the people of Bengaluru is April and the coldest month is January during which temperatures dip as low as 15.1 degrees of centigrade.
Population of Bengaluru
The year 2009 has reported a population of 5.3 million in Bengaluru. As a result it has become the third most populous city in India and ranks 28th in the world. Between the years 1991 to 2001 Bengaluru has witnessed a growth of 38 percent population growth. The main language which is used by the people of Bengaluru is Kannada and English. Apart from these two languages the other languages that are spoken in the city are Tamil, Telegu and Hindi. According to the 2001 census around 79 percent of the Bengalurean population comprises Hindu. Muslims, Christians and Jains comprise 13.37 percent, 5.79 percent and 1.05 percent respectively. The Anglo- Indians are an important community in the city of Bengaluru. Around 47.5 percent of the city's population is women.
The fact that Bengaluru is sufficiently developed can well be understood from the fact that it has a literacy rate of 83 percent making it rank second in the country and only around 10 percent of the city's population dwell in slums.
Education in Bengaluru
Until the early nineteenth century education in Bengaluru was conducted by religious leaders but gradually education in the city became secular in nature. Today Bengaluru is home to many of the reputed institutes in India. Rather it can be said that the education system in Bengaluru is quite advanced and as a result lot of students flock in the city to pursue higher education. The reputed institutes of Bengaluru are as follows, the Indian Institute of Science, the Indian Institute of Management, Indian Statistical Institute, National Law School of India, and the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences. Thus it can be said that Bengaluru is a cultural melting pot not only due to the various industries which have been set up in the city but also due to the various academic institutes which have grown up in the country.
Economy of Bengaluru
Bengaluru is a major economic hub of the Indian sub-continent. The city has an economic growth as high as 10.3 percent and it is the fourth largest market for fast moving consumer goods in India. The city is also home to a large number of rich people. Around 60,000 super rich people have invested an amount of nearly 4.5 crores in the city. Bengaluru is home to several public sector undertakings as well as a number of major IT hubs. It can be said that the IT giants have aided the escalation of the economy in Bengaluru to a large extent.
Culture of Bengaluru
The important festivals in the city of Bengaluru are Dussehra
, Karaga Shaktyotsava and Diwali
. These festivals transcend all religious boundaries in the city and people from multiple backgrounds participate in these festivals with a lot of vigour and enthusiasm. Other Indian festivals like Ganesh Chaturthi
are also celebrated in the city with a lot of pomp and show.
The Kannada film industry has added to the cultural heritage of the city. The culture of theatre is also very popular in Bengaluru. Apart from the traditional theatres, art and dance forms, it is believed that Bengaluru has been home to a number of international rock concerts in the recent years. As a result it has earned the name the 'Pub Capital of India'.
The cuisine of the city is also largely varied and reflects the different cultures which have been transported to the city from various parts of the country.
Hence, it can be said that Bengaluru has brought the entire country of India under its realm by attracting people from various parts.
Tourism in Bengaluru
As far as tourism in Bengaluru is concerned, it attracts large number of visitors throughout the year. The city is known as the 'garden city' of India and hence, is well known for the lush greenery in which the city takes pride. Not only is Bengaluru blessed with natural beauty it has a lot of artificial cultural as well as historical heritage which has made the city one of the prominent tourist destinations of the country. The main attractions of the city are The Bull Temple, Lalbagh Botnical Garden, Vidhaan Soudha, Tipu's Palace, Attara Kacheri, Bangalore Palace, Cubbon Park, Government Museum, Visveswaraiah Industrial and Technological Museum and Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium. In addition to these there are several parks in the city.
It can be concluded that Bengaluru is a cosmopolitan city which has brought people from various backgrounds close to each other. It is one of the most developed cities in the continent of Asia and can be called the gateway to Indian economy.