In the Ranji Trophy, 1942-43, there was confusion about the success or the possibility of completing the championship in time, as the World War II was started by that time. However, all the confusions were gone when a number of 13 teams gave their consents to take part in the tournament. Though the number was a bit decreased in comparison to the previous years, it was not very low. The teams that participated in the competition included the likes of Bihar, Bengal, United Province, Holkar, Rajputana, Delhi, Hyderabad, Mysore, Sind, Western India, Maharashtra, Nawanagar and Baroda. The first match of the tournament was held between the teams of Rajputana and Delhi at Ajmer from 220-22 November, 1942, where Rajputana won by 150 runs. The second match, held at Junagadh from 28-30 November, 1942, involved the teams like Western India and Nawanagar. The Western India side beat the Nawanagar team by 8 wickets in the match.
In the third match of the tournament, the teams of Bengal and Bihar met each other at Calcutta from 12-14 December, 1942. The Bengal team won the match on the basis of its lead in the first innings, after the match was drawn. The Sind and Western India teams played with each other in the fourth match of the Ranji Trophy, 1942-43 at Karachi from 18-19 December, 1942. The Western India side once again played well in the match and clinched a comfortable 9 wickets victory. The fifth match of the tournament was played between the Baroda and Maharashtra teams at Baroda from 03-05 January, 1943 and the Baroda team got a wonderful victory of 8 wickets in the match. The teams that played the sixth match of the Ranji Trophy, 1942-43 were the Hyderabad and Mysore that met each other at Secunderabad from 09-11 January, 1943. The match was won by the Hyderabad team with a margin of 162 runs.
In the next match of the Ranji Trophy, 1942-43, the United Provinces team played against the Holkar team at Lucknow from 09-11 January, 1943. The winner of the match was the Holkar team and the margin was 7 wickets. The eighth match involved the teams like Western India and Baroda who played against each other at Rajkot from 29-31 January, 1943. The Baroda team played well in the closely contested match to get a victory of only 4 runs. The last match of the group level was played by the Holkar and Bengal team at Indore from 06-08 February, 1943. Holkar was the winner of the drawn match because of having a lead in the first innings.
The Baroda and Rajputana teams met with each other in the first Semi-Final match of the Ranji Trophy, 1942-43 that held at Baroda from 26 February- 01 March, 1943. The Baroda team dominated the Rajputana team throughout the match and eventually got a huge victory of an innings and 356 runs to enter the Final of the tournament. The second Semi-Final was a clash between the teams of Holkar and Hyderabad and the match was held at Secunderabad from 26 February- 01 March, 1943. The match saw the Hyderabad team winning by 187 runs and setting up a Final clash with the Baroda team. The Final match of the Ranji Trophy, 1942-43 was held at Secunderabad from 26-29 March, between the teams of Baroda and Hyderabad. Though the Hyderabad team tried very hard, they could not resist the Baroda team from getting a huge win of 307 runs in the Final and becoming the champion of the tournament.