(Last Updated on : 01/11/2012)
Photography refers to the art, hobby, or profession of captivating images, and later on developing and printing the film or processing the digitised array image. It is the science of producing pictures by the action of light mixed with the artistic sense of choosing meaningful contents. Photographs serve as scientific evidence, conveyers of news, historical documents, works of art, and records of family life. They are life captured recorded in fixicity, the created reality.
Photography can be classified under imaging technology and has earned the interest of scientists and artists from its commencement. Scientists have used its capacity to make accurate recordings, for example, Eadweard Muybridge in his study of Human and Animal Locomotion (1887).
In India Artists have been equally interested by this facet, and transcended the known barriers to explore other avenues than the photo-mechanical representation of reality, such as the Pictorialist movement, the authentic movement that dominated photography in the 19th and 20th centuries culminating in the projection of an emotional target into the viewers realm of imagination. For Pictorialists, true individuality, was articulated through the creation of unique prints measured by many as the epitome of artistic photography. Military, police and security forces use photography for surveillance, recognition and data storage. Photography is also used to preserve memories of favourite times, to capture special moments, to tell stories, to send messages, and as a source of entertainment as also for advertising purposes.
In the present times, India has turned out a latent hub of photographic panorama. There is no single sphere where Indians have not laid their hands on, ranging from wedding, to underwater, wild life to aerial photography. In this manner, famous photographers have come up with innovative ideas, leading to their work being published in books on photography, making it extremely fortifying to the reader. Through these astounding photographs, an individual can cherish its memory for a long period of time tracing a moment that's gone forever, impossible to reproduce."