(Last Updated on : 28/02/2012)
Burns that are deep or that involve a large surface of the body are complex and serious medico-surgical problems that require urgent and skilled treatment in a modern hospital.
There are three great dangers in burns. These can be described, as the first is that of shock. This shock can be both physical and mental. The second is that of serum-loss,. In this case enormous quantities of fluid being poured out from the burnt surface, depleting the body of water, salts and proteins. The third is that of sepsis which has caused many fatalities after apparent initial recovery.
Treatment for Burns and Scalds
A dose of Arnica-200
should be immediately given to counter shock. This may be followed by a dose of Aconite 200
if the victim seems unduly frightened. Thereafter, Cantharis 30
or Causticum 30
should be given every 10-15 minutes to relieve pain. The medicine should be discontinued once considerable pain-relief has been obtained but can be restarted if pain returns.
As external treatment, the affected part should be kept immersed in a bowl or bucket containing cold water to which a few drops of Urtica urens or Hypericum tincture can be added. If that is not possible, cold compresses of Urtica urens or Hypericum lotion should be applied repeatedly till burning and pains lessen.
The person should be encouraged to consume a lot of fluids e.g., water with sugar and salt. It is done with a view to replenish lost fluids.
Finally, the affected area should be dressed, using Urtica urens
or Hypericum lotion
, taking aseptic precautions. If there is any blister, this should never be punctured or broken because they afford a sterile covering to the affected area.
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