(Last Updated on : 09/04/2011)
Pune, located at the confluence of the Mula and Mutha rivers Pune, is the second largest city in the state of Maharashtra
. Placed 560 metres above sea level on the Deccan plateau
, at the convergence of the Mula and Mutha Rivers, it is the administrative capital of Pune district and the 8th most populous metropolitan area in India. The name Pune comes from Punya Nagari (standing for "City of Virtue" in Sanskrit). The oldest reference to this name is illustrated on a Rashtrakoota copper plate, dating back to 937, in which the town is referred to as Punya Vishaya or Punak Vishaya. By the 13th century, it had come to be known as Kasbe Pune or Punavadi (standing for "Town of Pune" in Marathi). During the 19th century, it was cited as Poona by British administrators. Since 1947, both spellings have been in effect, but Pune has prevailed for the last decade. In present times, one might say there are three Punes - the City, Deccan and the Camp - separated geographically as well as in flavour.
History of Pune
Pune is one of the most popular cities of Maharashtra which had a lot of significance in every age. The history of Pune can be divided between early and medieval age, during Maratha Empire
, British Empire and during Independence.
Geographical Location and Information of Pune
Pune is located 560 m (1837 ft) above sea level on the western fringe of the Deccan Plateau. It is situated on the leeward side of the Sahyadri mountain range (the Western Ghats), which separates it from the Arabian Sea
. It is more or less a mountainous city, with its tallest hill rising to 800 m (2625 ft) above sea level. Central Pune is located at the convergence of the Mula and Mutha Rivers. The Pavana and Indrayani Rivers, tributaries of Bhima River
, span the north-western peripheries of urban Pune. Geographically it is located between18 degree 29` 45" North and 73 degree 47` 47". Pune faces a moderate temperature with summers commencing from early March which stays on till July. Though not as scorching as Northern parts of India, the daytimes are immensely sunny with dry heat.
Demography of Pune
As per the census of 2010, Pune has an urban population of 5,518,688 along with the growth of skillful laborers and software engineers. This includes 4,485, 000 in 2005. The city has 81% of literacy level and 38% of population living in slums. Commonly the city speaks Marathi, Hindi and English.
Culture of Pune
Pune has been mainly known for a wide variety of people who have sepeate food habits. This includes various types of food items which describes the culture of Pune.
During their stay in Pune the visitors can luxuriate in their legendary amba (mango) barfi, and softly flavoured shrikhand.
As the city is largely urbanized its major earning is from software sector with some major manufacturing industries. Along with other handicraft product the city mainly earns through the industrial sector of the city. Thus Pune is mainly known for cultural life and historical background which defines the life of Pune. Being the second largest city of Maharashtra it is one of the inevitable centers of Maharashtra tourism.
Tourism in Pune
Pune includes some popular tourist spots like Chatushrungi Temple - Pune. Pune with its baffling historical significances, have survived to this day. Along with today`s metropolitan culture, perplexes everyone at first sight. The place has also divided itself into three distinct separations, housing three kinds of edifices and emoting dissimilar wonder from each. Temples, churches, mausoleums, synagogues, museums and several dynastic architectures are evidence to Pune`s distinctive wonders.