Origin and Early history of Sena Dynasty - Informative & researched article on Origin and Early history of Sena Dynasty
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesStates of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
States of India|Indian Cities|Beaches of India|Hill Stations in India|Forests in India
Home > Travel > States of India > West Bengal > History of West Bengal > Sena Dynasty > Origin and Early history of Sena Dynasty
Origin and Early history of Sena Dynasty
The Sena kings in Bengal are said to have unified the whole territory of Bengal under their own supremacy.
 
 Origin and Early history of Sena DynastySena Dynasty had ruled Bengal for little over a century (c 1097-1225). The emergence of the dynasty, which supplanted the Palas in Bengal towards the close of 11th century A.D., had constituted a significant epoch in the history of ancient India. Taking advantage of the revolt of Samantachakra in Varendra during the reign of Mahipala II, Vijaysena, founder of the Sena dynasty, gradually consolidated his position in western Bengal and ultimately assumed an independent position during the reign of Madanapala. One important aspect of Sena rule in Bengal is that the whole territory of Bengal was brought under a single rule for the first time. It is likely impossible to provide definite information to the question as to how the family entered Bengal. The Sena records also are amazingly silent about this.

From official records of the Sena dynasty it appears that the Senas belonged to the Brahmana-Kshatriya clan of Karnataka in South India. Their remote ancestor was one Virasena, whose name was supposed to have been mentioned in Puranas. According to Dr. Bhandarkar the name Brahmana-Kshatriya was applied to the clans, who were originally Brahmanas and later became Kshatriyas or adopted the profession of Kshatriyas and gradually came to be identified as Kshatriyas. Dr. Bhandarkar also puts that the Senas belonged to that community and Samanta Sena claimed himself a Brahmavadi. The "Deopara Inscription" of the Senas also traces the Sena ancestry from Virasena. Since there are no authentic records available still, a keen controversy prevails among scholars regarding origin of the Senas.

Like the origin of the Senas, their early history or circumstances, which led them to concentrate in Bengal is also still unknown. It has been presumed by historians that the Senas came to Bengal on the eve of the invading army led by the Chalukya kings Vikramaditya VI and Someswara III. Some scholars have also suggested that when Rajendra Chola`s army had invaded Bengal, the Senas had accompanied them. According to some other historians, a few Karnataka officials, who were subordinate to the Pala kings, had established their independent kingdom in the region of Radha, taking advantage of the weakness of the Pala powers. Those Karnataka chiefs might have arrived in Bengal in wake of the Chalukya invasion and had settled into a kingdom of their own. According to historians Samantasena was such a chief who had established his independent kingdom in the Radha region of Bengal.

Samantasena was a scion of the Sena family, who had distinguished himself through various warfares in South India. He had settled in Radha in Bengal, at an old age. He had also laid the foundation of the Sena family in Bengal, which had attained sublime success. His son Hemantasena assumed the title "Maharajadhiraja". Hemantasena had carved out an important kingdom in Radha, taking advantage of the disruption of the Pala Empire by the revolt of Divya. From their base in Radha, the Senas ultimately extended their powers over the whole of Bengal.

(Last Updated on : 31/07/2013)
More Articles in Sena Dynasty  (11)
Recently Updated Articles in States of India
Beed District
Beed district is one of the prominent administrative divisions in the state of Maharashtra. It was under Nizam rule and a part of Hyderabad state before independence and later became a part of the Mumbai state. There are many tourist attractions here which contribute in a major way towards the tourism sector of all of Maharashtra.
Chandrapur District
Chandrapur district is located in the state of Maharashtra in the Nagpur division. The district has a hot tropical climate with high temperatures throughout the year.
Amravati District
Amravati district became a part of the state of Maharashtra in the year 1960. It is placed on the Deccan plateau and faces extreme variation in temperatures throughout the year.
Pulwama District
Pulwama District is centrally located in the valley of Kashmir and is a resting place for adventure lovers since it is full of clean water streams, lakes, magnificent trees and mighty mountains.
Nature Tourism in Budgam District
Nature Tourism in Budgam District offers some of the most interesting tourist locales where man finds himself in close compassion with nature.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on States of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Travel
 
 
Origin and Early history of Sena Dynasty - Informative & researched article on Origin and Early history of Sena Dynasty
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.