Dupleix, The French Governor-General in India - Informative & researched article on Dupleix, The French Governor-General in India
  Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articles History of India

Art & Culture | Entertainment | Health | Reference | Sports | Society | Travel
Forum  | RSS Feeds  | Free E-magazine
History of India : Sources of History of India l Ancient History of India l Medieval History of India l Modern History Of India l Indian Historical Dynasties l Indian Battles l Indian Rulers l History of India l Indian Freedom Struggle l Indian Governor- Generals l British Indian Acts l Post Independence India
Home > Reference > History of India > Modern History Of India > Advent of Europeans to India > French Possession in India > French East India Company > Dupleix
Dupleix, The French Governor-General in India
Dupleix, the French Governor General, tried his best to raise the prestige of the French in India.

An energetic administrator and an imaginative political visionary, Joseph-Fran├žois Dupleix was the greatest of all the Governor-Generals that were sent by the French Company to India. In the beginning he was appointed as the Governor of Chandranagar, a French possession in Bengal, however his reputation procured him in 1742 the appointment of governor general of all French establishments in India. Dupleix employed the full tide. "Maharaja Rajasri His Excellency Nawab Monsienr Clevlier Dupleix Bahadur Munzaffar Jang, Governor - General". Historians place him on a par with Clive and Warren Hastings.

Dupleix proficiently held that post for 12-13 years. He was a far-sighted statesman. He realized that the of Mughal empire was declining and thought of making the best use of the deplorable political condition of India to the great advantage of France and decided to found a French empire in India. With this intent in his mind he began to interfere in the quarrels of the Indian princes. He realized that the Indians did not favour the Europeans. He understood that if ever a French empire was to be founded in India, the English must be driven out.

Primitively Dupleix succeeded wonderfully in executing his plans. He lifted the French influence to an amazing height. In 1746, he sought the help of La Bourdonnais, the French governor of Mauritius, and captured Madras. In 1748, he gave a crushing defeat to Anwar-ud-din, the Nawab of Camatic, with just a handful of troops. In the same year he repelled the English attack when they tried to capture Pondicherry. He helped Muzaffar Jung to acquire the throne of the Carnatic and in return got various concessions from him. Besides presenting huge sums of money, Muzaffar Jung gave the French the towns of Divi and Masulipattam. Similarly Chanda Sahib granted some rights in his territories to the French. When Muzaffar Jung was killed in the battlefield, the French very ably raised Nasir Jung to the throne and got from him the rich territories of the Northern Circars. In this way Dupleix managed to spread the French territory in and around South India.

Dupleix has been successful in every step he took to increase the French empire till 1751 after which his hope came crashing down. The French suffered from naval weakness compared to the British supremacy over the seas. This ruined all the achievements gained by the French. Dupleix could neither get any help from home nor could he take his armies to the battlefield. His opponent Clive was also responsible for his failure. Clive with bravery and far-sightedness outwitted Dupleix and brought about his fall. Dupleix could get no help from home and there was too much interference in his plans. Thus, due to undue interference from above and non-cooperation of his officials he could do nothing.

(Last Updated on : 31/01/2009)
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
  • Ashokan Dhamma
    Ashokan Dhamma was the most discussed religious policy ever adopted by King Ashoka. Ashokan Dhamma disseminated teachings and knowledge of the Buddhist scriptures.
  • Battle of Plassey
    Battle of Plassey was fought between Siraj Ud Daulah and Lord Clive that marked the establishment of British East India Company.
  • Viceroys of India
    Viceroys of India played a vital part in influencing the future of India and the Indian people. Several Viceroys have taken the office until Indian independence.
  • Third Battle of Panipat
    Third Battle of Panipat took place between the Afghans and the Marathas in which Marathas were defeated.
    E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
    Forum on History of India

    Free E-magazine
    Subscribe to Free
    E-Magazine on Indian Crafts
    Dupleix, The French Governor-General in India - Informative & researched article on Dupleix, The French Governor-General in India
    Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
    Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of Jupiter Infomedia Pvt. Ltd.