(Last Updated on : 03/12/2010)
Indian men and women have traditionally adorned themselves with different types of jewellery but at the same time the concept of jewellery is more associated with women. Since ages women have tried to look beautiful with the use of various ornaments. Gradually with the passing time the types of jewellery used by men and women have gone a sea change. With every passing age the types of jewellery used have become more innovative. Jewellery for almost all the parts of the body is present in Indian. This vast range of Indian Jewellery comprises earrings, necklaces, bangles, anklets, nose rings and a lot more. The use of precious stones and gems to make the jewellery more attractive has been an old tradition of India. Down the time line a number of jewellery types have flourished in India and has again become outmoded.
Among all emerging metals and modernisation, gold jewellery is yet coveted by the larger mass. Since the traditional days gold has been considered the best metal to enhance the beauty of an individual, especially the women, and till today the tradition continues. Moreover gold is also considered auspicious by people and so that is another reason as to why jewellery made of gold holds such a prominent place.
The Antique Jewellery is those which have a dull and rough look and the uniqueness of this type of jewellery is the old world appearance it has. In the present day, antique jewellery is no more manufactured.
The concept of bead jewellery in India had originated from the time of the Indus Valley Civilisation
. Rather it can be said that bead jewellery has existed in the Indian subcontinent for around five thousand years. Use of beads made of gold, silver, clay, wood, copper and ivory were a common practice among the people of the early days and since then the use of beads in ornaments in various forms have continued.
The ceremony of marriage is of utmost importance in the Indian land and hence the practice of using maximum jewellery during marriage is prevalent among all the communities of the country. The jewellery used during the Indian marriages is made of superior quality metals and are gaudy in look. Though in some marriages silver and platinum are used yet the popularity of gold ornaments during marriages still tops the list. The main reason to use heavy and gaudy jewellery during a marriage is to enhance the beauty of the bride.
The trendy jewellery which is an integral part of Indian jewellery is commonly called fashion jewellery. Such jewellery is made of cheap and light materials instead of heavy and costly metals. These types of jewellery keep on changing according to the fashions and trends.
Other traditional jewellery which is used in India is ornaments made of silver. The concept of meenakri jewellery, Kundan Jewellery
and navaratna jewellery is a part of Indian tradition. Intricate stone work done in a gold ornament is the essence of meenakari jewellery. This type of jewellery exhibits the artistic skill of a craftsman. In the navratna jewellery nine precious stones are used in a single ornament. This type of jewellery is prominent in the Indian land because of the astrological importance associated with it. In line with the navratna jewellery is the stone studded jewellery which is commonly used in India. A number of precious stones are studded within the ornament in order to give it a beautiful look or for some astrological purposes. The age of kunadan jewellery is as old as the Mughal period. It generally involves the beautiful use of stones in ornaments made of gold and silver. The beauty of the kunadan ornament lies in the graceful look which it possesses.
As per as the modern jewellery is concerned, it comprises a wide range. In the present age the latest innovation in the world of jewellery are ornaments made of platinum. These ornaments have a smart and contemporary look and are desired by many. Apart from the platinum ornaments, there are also ornaments which are made of ivory and some indigenous articles. The jewellery used by the various tribes of India is coming to light these days. The tribal jewellery has in fact transcended the rural boundary and has reached among the urban elite who use it as junk jewellery.
Jewellery in India is varied and has changed in various time periods. The new forms of jewellery have enriched the stock of Indian jewellery but it has not yet replaced the older forms completely.