(Last Updated on : 21/07/2011)
Indian tribal art is always delineated upon positive themes and ideas like birth, life, harvest, journey, jubilation or marriage. The Indian tribes
pay due veneration and reverence to Mother Earth and its crucial elements. It is a tribal art form where life and ingenuity are fused. Indian tribal paintings
and sculptures are of exceedingly high quality and are documents of their cultural heritage. Tribes have made their own place in the contemporary world of art. The art gives the tribes a power and responsibility to control and guide them through it. The symbols portray the imaginations of men and these imaginations are the representative emotions of the people of a particular period and society.
Indian tribal art is an art where life and creativity are inseparable. Indian tribal arts have a unique sensitivity. Their art is a manifestation of their life and holds their passion and mystery. The tribal art is one of the most fascinating parts of the tribal culture in India. The treasure of tribal arts is immense and has an astounding range, diversity and beauty. Traditional Indian tribal art tries to wholly recreate the immortal charisma of Indian tribal life. One can easily come across exquisite pieces of Indian tribal art in different parts of India. The Indian tribal art is rich in expression and is a living form very much with the times. It has become an intrinsic part of the country`s cultural identity.
Through solemn efforts, the Indian tribes try to keep alive a culture that is thousands years old, comprising music, traditions, rituals and art. They live in complete harmony with nature by preserving their resources and blending with the environment. The Indian tribal art is the influence of the contemporary art and its narrative approach is deeply indebted to the contribution of the history of tribal art that cannot be obliterated.
Tribal art is a term covering the art products and performances of tribes. Indian tribes have definite artistic express. Geographical, sociological, historical and traditional factors determine the degree of primitiveness among tribes.
Indian Tribal Art takes on different manifestations through varied medium such as pottery, painting, metalwork, dhokra
art, paper-art, weaving and designing of objects such as jewellery and toys.
Indian tribal Painting
It has not been more than half a century since the discovery of tribal paintings has revolutionized the discipline of the fine arts. Paintings were done on the walls, palm leaves, wood blocks and cloths. Tribal paintings usually belong from the remote tribal regions, in forests or high up in the mountains. Indian tribal paintings bearing illustrious backgrounds include Saura
paintings, Gond paintings, Bondi paintings, Pithora paintings, Warli paintings
, Thanka, Patta Chitra
, Kurumba paintings, Khovar paintings, Pichhvai painting and, Miniature painting
etc. Paintings in the cave shelters of Bhimbetka
and Panchamrhi shows simple designs of scenes including singing, farming and dancing. The paintings were done earlier black colour. Gradually it expanded to different colours like red, yellow, blue and green.