Mau Nath Bhanjan now known as Mau is located in the Mau district of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of the Mau district. Located on the banks of the River Ghaghra (Saryu), it is located in the southeast of Lucknow at a distance of 282 kms. and is in the east of Azamgarh at a distance of 56 kms. Varanasi is located at a distance of 90 kms. This settlement lies between 83° 17` to 84° 52` East longitude and 24° 47` to 26°17` North longitude. The nearest airprot is at Varanasi and the Mau Junction Railway Station is the nearest railway station. N H 29 passes through Mau and frequent bus service connect it to Gorakhpur, Varanasi and Ballia. It is surrounded by Ghagara River in the north, Ghazipur district on the south, Ballia district in the east and Azamgarh district in the west.
Mau is the hub of textile weavers in eastern Uttar Pradesh and weaving is the major occupation of the people living here. Clothes, manufactured here are exported on a large scale. The town is situated on the fertile plains of the Ganga-Ghagara doab, which facilitates cultivation of crops.