(Last Updated on : 02/01/2018)
Tribes of Meghalaya represent the inhabitants of Meghalaya
who reside in the foothills as well as within the mountain ranges
. The whole of the state of Meghalaya houses a myriad of tribal communities
who have settled in every nook and corner of the region.
Tribes of Meghalaya which include a number of large as well as small tribal groups represent the colours of Meghalaya. Largely the tribal groups follow Christianity
though the state follows all the three religions
as well as Christianity.
Origin of Tribes of Meghalaya
The origin of these tribes can be traced from the Tibeto-Burman race and Proto Austroloid Monkhmer race. While the Garos can be traced as the descendents of Tibeto-Burman race, the Khasis and the Jaintias are claimed to have belonged to the Proto Austroloid Monkhmer race.
Different Tribes of Meghalaya
The tribal groups in Meghalaya are scattered all over the region and are known by separate names. Tribes of Meghalaya largely include the tribes of Garo, Khasi and Jaintias which are accompanied by many more tribal communities namely, Koch, Bhoi, War, Hynniewtrep, Achiks, Labangs, Nagphylluts and Nagtungs.
: Garos are the tribes which are mainly found in the South Garo Hills District
. They originally belong to the Bodo
family from the Tibetan-Burmese race and also reside in the plains of Assam
and Bangladesh. Like other tribes in Meghalaya, these tribes also follow maternal lineage in case of inheritance of property.
: The second type of tribe
which is largely seen is Khasis. They are the largest tribal group of North eastern region. Khasis are known with a number of names in different parts of Meghalaya.
: Jaintias too reside in the foot hills of Jaintia Hills from where they collect their name. Jaintia, like Khasis, belong to the Proto Austroloid Monkhmer race. The name Jaintia is derived from the Jaintia kingdom, whose rulers were Syntengs.
: Koch Tribes are an ethnic groups belonging to the great mongoloid race allies to Garos, Bodos, Rabhas
. They are a Scheduled Tribe inhabiting the Western Garo Hill district and some parts of Khasi Hills.
These are a type of Khasi tribe which further includes Bhoi in the northern Meghalaya; Khynriam in the central Meghalaya; Pnar of the Jaintia hills; War in the southern Meghalaya. Achiks are another group of Garo tribes who comprise one third of Meghalayas tribal community.
Culture of Tribes of Meghalaya
Tribes of Meghalaya are distinctly marked for their social structure. The traditional dress of Meghalaya
is known as Jymphong which is often worn during the festivals
Occupation of Tribes of Meghalaya
The tribal society of Meghalaya primarily depends on subsistence agriculture
with sufficient amount of rainfall as the area lies within the monsoon belt and receives the maximum level of annual rainfall.