Gandhinagar is the capital of the western state of India, Gujarat. It is situated on the west bank of the river Sabarmati and is the district headquarters of the Gandhinagar district. It is one of the three planned cities of India. Built to supplant the former capital, after the state of Bombay was divided, the city was begun in 1966 and named for Mohandas . K. Gandhi. The first state government offices were transferred there in 1970, and the city continued to grow through the 1990s. Gandhinagar is located between 23.22° North latitude and 72.68° East longitude at a height of 81 metres (265 feet) above mean sea level. The city has a dry climate and the during the summer months temperature varies from 36 °C to 42 °C. The southwest monsoon winds brings a humid climate from mid June to mid September. The Sabarmati river dries up during the summer season and leaves a thin track.
According to the 2001 India census report, Gandhinagar had a population of 195,891 inhabitants. Males constitute 53% of the population
and females constitute 47% of the population. In Gandhinagar, 11% of the population is less than six years of age. The city has an average literacy rate of 78% which is much higher than the national average literacy rate of 59.5%. The male literacy rate is 82% and the female literacy rate is 73%.
The city houses some of the country`s reputed educational institutes bringing students from all over the country. The city is also beautifully decorated with open green parks, extensive planting, and a large recreational area along the river that gives the city a lush and succulent green garden-city ambience. Shamlaji and Akshardham are the major tourist attractions in the city.