(Last Updated on : 08/05/2017)
Folk Dance of Assam is the best expression of the traditions and custom of Assam
. Assam is home to numerous groups and tribes
like Mongoloid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian, Aryan
, Kachari, Karbi
, Sonowal Kacharis and Mishimi, which is why the state enjoys multiplicity at its best. Also, the influence of this variety can be seen in the ethnicity and traditions particularly in the dance
and music of Assam
The popular folk dances of Assam are as follows:
: This is the most popular folk dance
of Assam and as the very name recommends, is related to the Bihu
celebration, which is celebrated with much splendour and glory throughout the state. Bihu dance
is performed mostly during the period after the completion of crop. The festivities continue for a month. There are many modern forms of this dance.
: Jhumar is one of the most significant folk dance forms of Assam performed by the tea
workers of Assam. After a long day of work and hard labour, the tea workers or the tea tribes (also known as Adivasis) treat in dance and music to break the boredom of their life and to spread cheerfulness all through. Both men and women take part in this dance and this dance involves high accurateness of footwork and elegant but flexible movements to perform this dance. The musical instrument
used is something similar to that of a drum
, called as Mandar.
: This dance is performed by the Bodo
society of Assam. This dance is also called as the Butterfly Dance and Bardwishika dance. This dance has comparatively slow steps with high formations that overwhelm the audience. This dance is performed in mid- April particularly during the season of Bishuba Sankranti. The formations done by the dancers contain butterfly
Ali Ai Ligang Dance
: This dance is highly admired amongst the Mishing community of Assam. This celebration is interlinked with agriculture and is celebrated during the Ahu paddy farming
. They also perform this dance to praise their deity- the Mother Earth
. The dance form expresses the ups and downs of mans life and is aptly portrayed. The musical instruments used mainly are flutes
, drums, gong
and so on.
: Deodhani is a dance form associated with the devotion of the snake goddess Manasa
. This dance is performed by a girl who, in a trance-like inspired state, goes on dancing to the beats of the Ciphung (flute) and the Kham (drum). At one stage of the dance, she even takes a sword and a shield performing a war dance, honouring different gods
, like Shiva
: This form of dance is chiefly a spread of the Sankari culture of Assam and was originally developed by the well known Satriya artist, Narahari Burha Bhakat. During the festivals in the Barpeta
regions, this dance is performed by a group of 6-10 dancers capable with cyrnbols.
: This is a classic folk dance of Assam, performed by two groups of men and women, who stand in two rows.
: Ankiya Nat is a one-act play, initiated by Sankardeva
. Shankardeva composed various forms of literary kind of work like Bargeet
, Ojha Pali songs and numerous dances, which were incorporated into the dance drama
, termed as Ankiya Nat